Regulation concerning length of service for lower ranks and their release on indefinite leave,
30 August, 1834
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(Polnoe Sobranie Zakonov Rossiskoi Imperii, 2nd series, 1834. The various forms appended to this regulation are often complex, so I have described them and their contents rather than attempt to inaccurately approximate their format in HTML. Anyone interested in paper copies of the translated forms in their original formats may contact me - Mark Conrad.)

7373.30 August. IN THE NAME OF THE TSAR, ANNOUNCED IN AN ORDER FROM THE MINSTER OF WAR.—Concerning the length of service for lower ranks in the Guards and Army.

The SOVEREIGN EMPEROR, in his All-Merciful regard for his soldiers who continuously distinguish themselves by their unswerving devotion and love toward the Throne and Fatherland and by their consistent true and zealous service, was pleased to shorten the term of service for lower ranks during peacetime for those who have completed it without fault. This ensures that the strength of the forces is not weakened in case of need yet lower ranks are able to return to their native provinces before reaching old age, and be similarly useful sons of the Fatherland in the bosoms of their families, as, thanks to their training by the Government, they can by their strict and exact observance of the regulations of the accompanying order be in this regard, too, a constant example to their countrymen.

With this goal, HIS IMPERIAL MAJESTY was pleased to establish indefinite leave [bezsrochnyi otpusk] for the forces.

By this new regulation, instead of the currently prescribed 22-year term of service in the Guards and 25 in the Army, lower ranks of the one and the other of these forces are obligated to actively serve for only 20 years.

In order to lighten the service of lower ranks in even this shortened term, in the Army this term is divided into duty in active units and in the reserves [rezervy]. Lower ranks serve for the first 15 years in active units, while the remaining 5 years are in the reserves.

Having completed 20 years of service without fault, every year on the 1st day of the month of September, except during wartime, lower ranks are sent, if they wish, on indefinite leave to their native province or other place where they may choose to live.

Their sons, the cantonists [soldiers' children, practically wards of the state -- M.C.], if so requested, are discharged along with them and remain with them exactly as for discharged soldiers.

Their sons, having been settled by them on parcels of state land, are no longer the concern of the military administration.

Once on indefinite leave during peacetime, lower ranks are beyond any service obligations and all duties.

They are allowed full freedom to exclusively devote themselves to building a livelihood for themselves, to engage in growing grain, raising livestock, the production of goods, and any kind of craft, and to take on private employment as well as government positions.

They are prescribed the right to receive parcels of state land for farming, in accordance with the statutes for discharged lower ranks. And in order to further the MONARCH'S goal and his care for the welfare of discharged lower ranks, those who wish to return to landlords’ estates, or who are themselves landowners, are without hesitation to be given sure and proper shelter on the estates, all the more so since as this is provided, personal benefit to the landlord is simultaneously achieved when they receive the recompense prescribed by the ukase of 6 December, 1828 (2494).

In regard to such special rights and the complete freedom to build one’s own livelihood or carry out any enterprise for one’s personal welfare and profit, before the expiration of their whole term of service lower ranks are only provisionally designated for this freedom and in extraordinary circumstances, and not in any way contradictory to the special HIGHEST ukases of HIS IMPERIAL MAJESTY.

The SOVEREIGN EMPEROR possesses the firm hope that with such kind attention to the lower ranks who have served the Throne and Fatherland without reproach for 20 years, they will, with especial zeal at their first recall to the military profession, and with a feeling of deep devotion and gratitude to a Government which has shown them much favor, endeavor on the field of honor to show themselves to the younger soldiers as an model of fearlessness and military obedience.

But if no need arises to summon the lower ranks to duty, then after the term of indefinite leave, two years for those who served in the Guards and five for those in the Army, each of them, on the 1st day of the month of September, without any delay or hindrance, will receive a passport of full retirement [chistaya otstavka].

While giving these benefits to discharged lower ranks, HIS IMPERIAL MAJESTY also offers special advantages to those lower ranks who, having completed 20 years of faultless service, wish to continue serving. Such lower ranks are prescribed a significant increase in pay, and pensions when granted discharges.

In regard to such an extraordinary MONARCHIAL kindness to the troops on the part of the SOVEREIGN EMPEROR, as directed by HIS IMPERIAL MAJESTY'S HIGHEST Authority, in this announcement to the entire Military establishment, and accompanied by a Regulation confirmed on this date by HIS MAJESTY regarding the release of lower ranks on indefinite leave which contains comprehensive rules on this subject,—I make it known that the SOVEREIGN EMPEROR orders: that this Regulation be now brought into effect, and that this Order be read aloud in every company, squadron, and battery.

 

7374.30 August. A HIGHEST CONFIRMED REGULATION [Polozhenie] CONCERNING THE RELEASE ON INDEFINITE LEAVE OF LOWER RANKS OF THE MILITARY LAND ESTABLISHMENT.

According to current regulations, for lower ranks the term of service before being retired amounts to 22 years in the Guards and 25 years in the Army; and during this period of service only an insignificant number of lower ranks enjoy a short term of leave.

As a result of the Monarch’s attention to the service of lower ranks, there is established indefinite leave [bezsrochnyi otpusk] in the Guards and Army. This leave precedes retirement [otstavka] and is offered exclusively to lower ranks who have served 20 years without reproach.

Such a release of lower ranks on indefinite leave has as its goal: to shorten the term of active duty for those who have worthily served the Throne and Fatherland, and to bring them closer to their families while not weakening the strength of the forces in case of need.

Based on these principles, in this Regulation are set down all the rules for releasing lower ranks on indefinite leave.

These rules are divided into three chapters:

The First Chapter defines: the overall term of service for lower ranks; their transfer from the active forces to the reserves; rights to indefinite leave; the manner of release and the actual sending off on leave.

The Second Chapter defines: the rights and obligations of those on leave upon their arrival at the places in which they chose to live; and rules for enrolling them into replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and replacement Artillery half-batteries.

The Third Chapter includes: rules for keeping account of men on leave in the places where they live and as part of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and replacement Artillery half-batteries; all relevant duties of local Military and Civil Authorities; and the release of those on leave to full retirement.

The Fourth Chapter defines: the manner of calling those on leave to duty, in case of need; and their release, when the need is past.

 

First Chapter.

 

Sect. I.— THE OVERALL TERM OF SERVICE FOR LOWER RANKS AND THEIR TRANSFER FROM THE ACTIVE FORCES TO THE RESERVES.

§ 1. With the issuance of these regulations, the term of active service [srok deistvitelnoi sluzhby] for lower ranks in the Guards and Army is fixed at 20 years.

§ 2. In the forces of the Army this term is divided into: a) service in the active forces; b) service in the reserve forces.

§ 3. Lower ranks serve in the active forces for the first 15 years from their entry into service, and in the reserves for the 5 years following that.

Note. This rule is not extended to the Guards forces: there, lower ranks serve a full 20 years, without any special distinction. This rule is likewise not extended to the personnel of those forces which do not have reserve battalions.

§ 4. Having served for 20 years in the Guards or Army without reproach, lower ranks are released on indefinite leave in accordance with the rules of this Regulation.

§ 5. In accordance with the described division of the lower ranks’ term of service, active and reserve troop units are now to consist of personnel with appropriate years of service in them.

§ 6. On this basis, lower ranks now in the reserves who have served less than 15 years are to be reassigned to the active battalions and squadrons of their regiments and the batteries of their brigades.

§ 7. However, those of the lower ranks in the active forces who have completed from 15 to 20 years of service are to be reassigned to the reserve forces.

§ 8. Lower ranks now in the active as well as the reserve forces who have completed 20 or more years of faultless service are to be released on indefinite leave directly from that force to which they belong; but if one of these lower ranks does not wish to avail himself of indefinite leave, then such men may remain on duty, as described in Section II of this chapter of the Regulation for similar lower ranks remaining on duty in the reserves.

§ 9. If in the active and reserve forces the number of personnel who have served 15 years happens to be less than the number required in peacetime for the reserve battalions, squadrons, and batteries, then in such a case the reserve units are to be manned to their full prescribed strength using personnel who have not yet served 15 years, choosing those men who are less able to carry out duties in active units but who are skilled and knowledgeable enough to be able to be instructors for recruits.

§ 10. If, on the other hand, the number of personnel in the active forces who have served for 15 years happens to be more than that required for the reserve battalions, squadrons, and batteries, then, similarly to the preceding § 9, those men designated for the reserves are to be those less able to carry out the duties of active service but in all ways capable of service in the reserves. The remainder who afterwards are left in active units are to enter the reserves the following year, and there serve out the still remaining time for 20 years’ service.

§ 11. In those army infantry units where reserve battalions are detached from the active ones, the Commanders of reserve divisions, upon receipt of this Regulation, are to immediately report to the Corps Commanders of those Corps to which the reserve divisions belong, for each battalion: a) Exactly how many in the reserve battalions under their command there are of lower ranks who have not yet 15 years and who must join the active forces in accordance with § 6; b) Exactly how many men with the requisite number of years of service would be necessary to fill up the reserve battalions after excluding those liable for release on indefinite leave, and following the transfer to the active forces of those have not yet served the 15-year term.

§ 12. Meanwhile, Corps Commanders are to make known for each Corps under their command: exactly how many in each regiment’s active battalions there are of lower ranks who have served 15 or more years and would accordingly be transferred to the Reserves. And upon receiving from the Commanders of reserve divisions the information described in the preceding § 11, they are to calculate the precise number of men who must be sent to the Reserve forces, i.e. either all those who have served 15 or more years (if their number does not exceed the shortfall in the Reserves), or only the number necessary to meet the shortfall, in accordance with § 10.

§ 13. This account is to be made for each regiment by itself, it being kept in mind that the active battalions’ lower ranks who have served 15 or more years must go to their own regiment’s reserve battalion.

§ 14. In agreement with this account, Corps Commanders are to inform reserve division Commanders of: the exact number of personnel who will be sent from the active battalions to the reserve battalions, and when. And at the same time they will draw up instructions for sending these men to the Reserves.

§ 15. These men will be equipped only with uniform clothing [mundirnaya odezhda]; their weapons and accouterments remain in the active battalions.

§ 16. These men are to be gathered at the Divisional Headquarters of their divisions, to be sent out as a group.

§ 17. One or more officers, based on the judgment of division Commanders, are designated to accompany these men, and depending on the number of lower ranks expected to be sent away, a Field-grade Officer is also detached. A Medical official must also be with these commands, and a medic [feldsher], too, in accordance with the size of the party.

§ 18. The Officer acting as the party’s Chief is provided with, after these are signed by the Regimental Commanders and witnessed by Brigade and Division Commanders: a ranked list of the lower ranks; a full table listing clothing; and documentation of final allowances.

§ 19. Parties are conveyed directly to the Headquarters of the reserve brigade of their division. March routes to be followed are drawn up in the Corps Headquarters.

§ 20. During this time, reserve division Commanders, having received from the Corps Commanders the information prescribed in § 14 of this chapter, likewise calculate: with the arrival in the reserve forces of personnel from the active troops, exactly how many men will have to be sent forth from the Reserves, i.e. either all who have not served for 15 years, or retaining some part of them in accordance with § 9, bearing in mind the constant rule that Reserves are to be kept at the authorized full personnel strength stipulated by organizational Regulations.

§ 21. In regard to the number of lower ranks who in this manner must be sent from the reserve to the active battalions—Commanders of reserve divisions give orders to the reserve brigade Commanders, who then issue instructions for gathering these personnel at brigade headquarters at the time when the commands from the active battalions arrive there.

§ 22. In regard to supplying lower ranks of reserve battalions with items and documents, the authorities in charge of them act according to the rules prescribed above in §§ 15 and 18 concerning personnel from active battalions.

§ 23. When lower ranks from active battalions arrive at the brigade headquarters of reserve divisions, Brigade Commanders receive them from the Officer in charge of the party. They then give them a receipt for this and deliver to these same Officers the men from the reserve battalions, so that they can be escorted to the active units. Medical personnel who arrived with the active commands are sent back to their regiments with the reserve commands.

§ 24. While commands are moving from active to reserve battalions, and from reserve to active, then for any men who become sick along the way, carts are levied from local inhabitants with compensation in accordance with the Regulation of the Committee of Ministers dated 15 March (25 June), 1824 (29968), allowing a single one-horse cart for every 25 healthy men.

§ 25. To the Civil Governors of those provinces through which parties will pass, Corps Commanders and Commanders of reserve divisions are to give timely notification for preparing such carts and for making general arrangements for the unimpeded passage of commands.

§ 26. Provisions for commands, those going from active to reserve battalions as well as those going from reserve to active, are furnished through arrangements made by: the Provisions Department and the Intendance of the 1st and Active Armies, as appropriate. To this end, Corps Commanders and Commanders of reserve divisions give timely notification to the Provisions Department, or Intendance, in the region concerned, of the number of personnel making up a command and its destination, including march routes.

§ 27. For forces where reserve units are not separate from active ones, the reassignment to active units of personnel who have not served for 15 years, and of those who have served this term—to the Reserves, according to §§ 6, 7, 9, and 10 of this Regulation, must to be carried out without fail by the Commanders of regiments or Artillery batteries, under the direct supervision of Brigade and Division Commanders.

§ 28. Corps and reserve division Commanders, each at the time he is sending out lower ranks in accordance with the rules set forth above, informs the Inspection Department [Inspektorskii Departament] of the Ministry of War about this, enclosing march routes and a special register per the accompanying Form No. 1.

§ 29. In this same way in the future, at the annual release of lower ranks from the reserve forces to indefinite leave the loss in personnel that opens up therein is filled from active units, in every way following the rules explained in the preceding §§ (from 11 through 28), with the only omission being that lower ranks are only sent out from active to reserve battalions, and are not sent from reserve to active battalions except in the case when reserve battalions might have more personnel than the fixed cadre strength, and there is a special order to send them to active battalions.

§ 30. Lower ranks who, before having served out the statutory 20 years in the active and reserve forces, become unfit for field service due to illness, enter the Internal Guard in accordance with existing regulations.

§ 31. Lower ranks who through illness or mutilation become totally unfit for service are allowed to retire, based on the Military administration’s order of 12 March, 1824 (29839).

§ 32. Those lower ranks who during their time in service lapse into transgressions which deprive them of their rights to be released on indefinite leave remain in service — in the active forces if they have committed such transgressions before serving out 15 years, but if they undergo punishments after this time, then in the reserve forces. And finally, since they do not have the right to retirement, when they become unfit for field service they enter the Internal Guard.

Sect. II.— THE RIGHTS OF LOWER RANKS TO RECEIVE INDEFINITE LEAVE.

§ 33. Lower ranks acquire the right to release on indefinite leave when they have completed a completely faultless 20-year term of service.

§ 34. Therefore, those lower ranks who undergo punishments during their service which according to general regulations deprive them of the right to retirement also lose the right to release on indefinite leave.

§ 35. On this basis, the right to release on indefinite leave is enjoyed by: a) All combatant lower ranks throughout the forces which are part of the Army: the Guards, Grenadier, Caucasus, Orenburg, and Siberian corps, the 19th Infantry Division deployed in Finland, and the Horse-Artillery Reserve. b) All noncombatant lower ranks of these forces who belong to the ranks of master craftsmen or belong to the Supply Train.

§ 36. Consequently, all other noncombatant ranks, such as: clerks, medics, chaplains, barbers, medical orderlies, lazaret nurses, officers’ orderlies, and provosts—are not releasable on indefinite leave, but having served 22 years in the Guards without reproach, or 25 years in the Army, they are granted retirement.

Note. It is of course understood that this rule does not apply to those noncombatants who, before serving out the prescribed period necessary for retirement, complete the regulation service time for promotion to the 14th class [the lowest of the fourteen officer ranks in the Table of Ranks -- M.C.]. They are promoted to officer rank on the previous basis.

§ 37. Lower ranks who do not wish to avail themselves of indefinite leave may remain on active service until the end of the overall 25-year term or even longer, in so far as they may be capable of continuing service.

§ 38. Lower ranks who voluntarily remain on duty after serving 20 years receive, to distinguish them from others, the gold or silver galloon, depending on the branch of service, on the left sleeve which was established for lower ranks who had served out their full term of service.

§ 39. Those lower ranks who furthermore wish to remain on active service after they have served 22 years in the Guards, or 25 in the Army, receive another sleeve chevron made of galloon and a pay rate of two and a half times, i.e. double and a half times the annual rate, in accordance with the Highest ukase of 6 December, 1831 (4990).

§ 40. Once these lower ranks have served a further five years, the pay rate mentioned in the preceding §, as related in the referenced ukase of 6 December, 1831, is applied as a pension for them, over and above the statutory pay rate appropriate to their rank. And upon retirement due to illness or mutilation, then another increase, i.e. three and a half times the base rate, is maintained for them until death, independent of whatever pensions they may be receiving for having been awarded medals of the Military Order of St. Anne.

§ 41. For non-commissioned officers receiving two-thirds of an Ensign’s or Cornet’s pay who also do not wish to avail themselves of indefinite leave but rather remain on duty, the non-commissioned officer’s pay rate is increased in accordance with the ukase of 6 December, 1831.

§ 42. All the benefits explained above in §§ 38, 39, 40, and 41 are offered to lower ranks only on the condition that their wish to remain in service is in conjunction with affirmation by those in command that their service can actually be useful.

§ 43. All lower ranks, both those who voluntarily remain in service as well as those who are released on indefinite leave, maintain the right to receive the medal of St. Anne for 20 years of faultless service, observing existing regulations.

§ 44. Lower ranks released on indefinite leave have the right to chose for themselves other places in Russia in which to reside besides their native province, in accordance with their own personal wishes. They make a declaration in this regard when they are designated for leave.

§ 45. When lower ranks are released on indefinite leave, their sons, the cantonists being brought up with them, go along, observing the general rules laid down for retired soldiers.

Sect. III.— THE PROCEDUE FOR RELEASING LOWER RANKS ON INDEFINITE LEAVE.

§ 46. The date permanently set for releasing lower ranks on indefinite leave is every year on 1 September .

§ 47. This date is only changed during wartime, and in this case the suspension of indefinite leaves is declared in a special HIGHEST order from the SOVEREIGN EMPEROR to the Military administration.

§ 48. The annual designation of lower ranks for indefinite leave is to be carried out: in forces where the Reserves are not separated from the active units, by Corps Commanders; in reserve forces separated from the active forces, by Commanders of reserve divisions, following the rules set forth below.

§ 49. In the January third of the year, for all lower ranks in reserve battalions, squadrons, and Artillery batteries who will have faultlessly served out the 20-year of service by 1 September, full official lists are prepared, using the form (No. 41) distributed in accordance with the Regulation for reducing paperwork, confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on 15 August, 1833 (6396).

§ 50. These lists are prepared in three ways: a) For lower ranks who have served out 20 years without reproach, have the right to indefinite leave, and desire to take advantage of it; b) For lower ranks who have served the 20-year term without reproach but wish to remain in service; and c) All lower ranks in general who have the right to receive the medal of St. Anne for 20 years of faultless service.

§ 51. On the lists of lower ranks who are eligible for release on indefinite leave and have declared their desire for such, there is written under their family and given names where each one intends to be sent, i.e. to their birthplace or to another Province, and exactly which one.

§ 52. Commanders of regiments, separate reserve battalions, and reserve Artillery batteries are to carefully check the lists named in § 50, so that absolutely no lower rank can avail himself of indefinite leave unless he deserves it.

§ 53. There are two verifications to be done on the lists:

Checking the correspondence and service lists held by regiments, battalions, and Artillery batteries to ensure that no lower rank has been subjected to punishments which by general regulations deprive him of the right to retirement.

Making sure that lower ranks designated for release on indefinite leave will actually have been in service for 20 years at the time when this leave begins. This verification is done through correspondence with the Treasury Boards [Kazennyya Palaty] of those Provinces from which the lower ranks entered service, and consists of the Boards’ testimony as to whether or not the lower ranks were delivered as recruits on the day, month, and year shown on the official lists.

§ 54. Such correspondence with the Treasury Boards is done in good time and at least a year before lower ranks serve out their 20-year term, so that the release of lower ranks on indefinite leave at the prescribed time cannot encounter any delay.

§ 55. When these verifications are requested, Treasury Boards are made strictly accountable and are responsible for delivering them with full accuracy and without the least delay. Civil Governors and Vice-Governors are to be ever vigilant in this regard.

§ 56. The Treasury Boards’ responses confirming the time of the lower ranks’ entry into service are noted in the official lists themselves, in the column for entry into service, using these words: entered service from NN Province, NN District, from the peasants of such and such estate, or such and such state district [kazennaya volost], as confirmed by such and such Treasury Board, year, month, day, and No. of the memorandum.

§ 57. For lower ranks who entered service as soldiers’ children, the Commanders of regiments, separate reserve battalions, and reserve Artillery batteries deliver their inquiries to the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War (in accordance with § 54) and request confirmation that their actual entry into service was at the time shown on the official list.

§ 58. The Inspection Department quickly delivers this information, and the Department’s statement in this regard is noted in the official lists of lower ranks exactly as described in § 56 for the confirmations made by Treasury Boards. That is to say, that so and so entered service as one of the soldiers’ children of NN Section of Military Cantonists, as confirmed by the Inspection Department, in such and such year, month, and day, such and such No..

§ 59. The lists, having been cleaned up in this way by the service confirmations and verifications made by the Treasury Boards or Inspection Department, are delivered each year by the 1st of May:

From regiments, through Brigade and Division Commanders to Corps Commanders.
From reserve Artillery batteries, through Brigade and Artillery Division Commanders to the Commanders of these same Corps.
From separate reserve battalions, through the Commanders of reserve brigades to the Commanders of reserve divisions.

§ 60. Having delivered these lists, Commanders of regiments, separate reserve battalions, and reserve Artillery brigades, as a guarantee that everything concerning the verification of these lists is as prescribed above and has been carried out on their end, sign the following on the lists: "By this I confirm that the service of the lower ranks named in these lists is in precise accordance with the rules set forth by the Regulation concerning the release of lower ranks on indefinite leave, confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on such and such date, is verified, and that it appears from checks done against replies from Treasury Boards and the Inspection Department that the service of these personnel was completely without reproach, and that by 1 September of this year NN they will have actually served out the prescribed 20-year term for release on indefinite leave and for the receipt of a St.-Anne medal."

§ 61. If, after these lists are submitted, but before receiving permission to be released on indefinite leave or before being awarded a St.-Anne medal, any one of these lower ranks undergoes one of the class of punishments that makes a soldier ineligible for such leave or awards, then Commanders of regiments, battalions, and Artillery batteries are to report this at this same time to the commands so that they can be removed from the lists.

§ 62. When these lists are submitted in accordance with § 59, they are reviewed and verified in Brigade as well as Division Headquarters, and finally in the Headquarters of Corps and reserve divisions.

§ 63. Verification of lists in these Headquarters must include calculating the service of lower ranks, which is to say did they actually serve the prescribed 20 years since their entry into service, and checking that they did not receive punishments which deprived them of the right to leave and the award of a St.-Anne medal.

§ 64. During such verifications of lists in Brigade and Division Headquarters, statements are also written on them as follows: "These lists, in accordance with §63 of the Regulation for releasing lower ranks on indefinite leave, confirmed by HIGHEST Authority at such date, were examined in the Headquarters of N N and, according to the calculation of lower ranks’ service and their faultless completion of such, they truly have the right to avail themselves of indefinite leave and receive the medal of St. Anne." If, however, it appears that someone did not serve out the prescribed term, or received punishment that took away the right to leave and the award of a St.-Anne medal, then this is noted in the statement itself.

§ 65. These statements are signed: in Brigade Headquarters—by Brigade Com-manders, and in Division Headquarters—by Commanders of the divisions, and are countersigned by Brigade and Senior Adjutants.

§ 66. During the final verification of the lists at the Headquarters of Corps and reserve divisions, Commanders of Corps and reserve divisions give permission to release lower ranks on indefinite leave by signing the following on the lists themselves: "Based on the Regulation for releasing lower ranks on indefinite leave, confirmed by HIGHEST Authority at such date, I permit the lower ranks shown on this list, namely (here are written in full all the personnel by name) to be given indefinite leave on 1 September of this year."

Note. If, however, any kind of mistake is discovered in the lists and lower ranks are incorrectly granted indefinite leave, then this is directly noted on the lists, and Commanders of Corps and reserve divisions make the necessary investigation of those responsible, reporting on the seriousness of the matter to the Commander-in-Chief and the Minister of War.

§ 67. Similar statements are also written on the lists of lower ranks who are eligible for release on indefinite leave but wish to remain on duty, and also on lists of lower ranks who have earned the medal of St. Anne, with the only difference being that on the first of these lists it is noted that the lower ranks remaining on duty have the right to receive the privileges set forth in § 38 of this Regulation, while on the second, that the personnel shown in a list, since they have served out 20 years without reproach, have the right to be awarded the St.-Anne medal.

§ 68. These written statements are confirmed by the signature of Corps Commanders and those Commanding reserve divisions and are authenticated by Chiefs of Corps Headquarters and Senior Adjutants of the Headquarters of reserve divisions.

§ 69. Commanders of Corps and reserve divisions, having verified in this way the lists of lower ranks who are eligible for release on indefinite leave and scheduled for such, but who wish to still remain in service, forward these back for action by those who submitted them; lists of lower ranks, though, who have earned the medal of St. Anne, are sent out to the Chapter of Russian Imperial and Tsarist Orders [Kapitul Rossiiskikh Imperatorskikh i Tsarskikh Ordenov]. The Chapter examines these lists and, for lower ranks awarded the medal of St. Anne, and following existing procedure, send these through Regional Generals of the Internal Guard for delivery to lower ranks in the places where they live.

§ 70. After granting leave to lower ranks on the explained basis, at the same time Corps Commanders and those Commanding reserve divisions also designate muster points for their departure. This will be laid out in detail in Section IV of this chapter.

§ 71. So that the Inspection Department is accurately informed about all lower ranks who are permitted to be given leave and who voluntarily remain in service, and also about those awarded the St.-Anne medal of distinction, by 1 September of every year Commanders of Corps and reserve divisions deliver service lists to this Department, following the established form and including a register of lower ranks released on indefinite leave, using the accompanying form No. 2, and a short list of the names of those voluntarily remaining in service and awarded the medal of St. Anne, using the enclosed form No.3.

§ 72. In as much that based on these rules, the granting of indefinite leave to lower ranks is managed by the local Military authorities, all responsibility for the incorrect release on such leave of lower ranks who do not have that right according to their service will also be borne by those same persons who incorrectly released them on that leave, and by those authorities who did not forestall this when verifying the lists.

§ 73. Since the verification of lists according to the rules laid down here demands a certain period of time, of the lower ranks now in the active and reserve forces who have served out 20 or more years, only those who possess St.-Anne medals for 20 years of faultless service or who, although they have not yet received this medal, can have their service checked now without difficulty, are to be released on indefinite leave in accordance with § 8 of this Regulation. The remaining lower ranks whose faultless 20-year service requires further verification are to be released on leave upon the completion of this verification, in the coming year of 1835.

Sect. IV.— THE PROCEDURE FOR SENDING LOWER RANKS ON INDEFINITE LEAVE.

§ 74. Commanders of regiments, separate reserve battalions, and reserve Artillery batteries, upon the receipt in accordance with § 66 of this Regulation of permission to release lower ranks on indefinite leave, gather them together at the Headquarters of the regiments, battalions, and Artillery batteries.

§ 75. Once these lower ranks have been gathered at the Headquarters, their pay and share of unit funds [artelnye dengi] are settled in full, they are supplied with the annual issue of items for the year in which they are released, tail coats [mundiry] with pants from the previous period of issue, greatcoats [shineli] from the last period, a forage cap [furazhnaya shapka], and a backpack [ranets] with straps. All these items are left to the lower ranks as their own property, while shares of unit funds are given into their hands.

§ 76. They prepare leave billets [otpusknye bilety ("Billet" in the sense of a piece of paper granting permission for something - M.C.)] for them signed by themselves and witnessed by Brigade Commanders, following the accompanying form No. 4, service lists according to the established form (one for each lower rank), and for those lower ranks who received a pension while in service, attestations as to the final settlement of the pensions, according to the enclosed form No. 5.

Note. Leave billets are prepared on printed blanks which are supplied from the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War upon the request of Corps Commanders and those Commanding reserve divisions.

§ 77. When satisfying all that is due to lower ranks to be released on indefinite leave, they are removed from the rolls of their regiments, separate reserve battalions, and Artillery batteries, with any further issue of allowances from the treasury being stopped, except to meet the period of travel and pensions for medals of distinction or wounds received in battle. After this they are sent to muster points with all documentation in accordance with the preceding § 76.

§ 78. Corps Commanders and those Commanding reserve divisions designate collection points either at Divisional Headquarters or the Headquarters of reserve brigades, or other places closer and more convenient.

§ 79. In the first case, all arrangements for dispatching lower ranks from collection points are the responsibility of the Commanders of Divisions and reserve brigades; in the latter case, however, Corps Commanders and those Commanding reserve divisions detach a special Field-grade Officer to each point and charge him with exactly carrying out all the rules set forth here.

§ 80. When the personnel on leave arrive at the muster places, the Commanders of divisions and reserve brigades, or the special Field-grade Officers detached to these points, divide them into special commands corresponding to which provinces they are destined, and for each of these commands they draw up lists of names by province, following the enclosed form No. 6.

§ 81. Special Field and Company-grade Officers are designated to escort these commands, primarily from natives of the province to which the lower ranks are destined and who wish to avail themselves of an extended leave, based on the guidelines explained in the Military administration’s order of 28 February, 1834 (6864).

§ 82. Based on the rules set forth in this same order, there may also be released on extended leave Officers from the Separate Corps of the Guards and the Caucasus, from all light Cavalry divisions, the three Reserve Cavalry divisions, and all Guards and Field Artillery, according to the following:

From each Guards foot, Grenadier, Carabinier, Infantry, and Jäger regiment, not more than one Field-grade Officer and six Company-grade Officers in the course of a whole year.

From each Cavalry regiment: of the Guards, not more than one Field-grade Officer and six Company-grade Officers; of Dragoons, not more than one Field-grade Officer and ten Company-grade Officers; of the other regiments of Cuirassiers, Lancers, and Hussars, not more than one Field-grade Officer and eight Company-grade Officers, in the course of a whole year.

From each Artillery foot Division, not more than one Field-grade Officer, and from a brigade, not more than four Company-grade Officers; from each Horse-Artillery division, not more than one Field-grade Officer and four Company-grade Officers, and from a Horse brigade, not more than two Company-grade Officers, in the course of a year.

From each Sapper battalion, not more than three Officers, in the course of a year.

§ 83. If the Officer escorting a party wishes to avail himself of leave in a Province lying along the route of march, then he conveys the party to the designated destination and afterwards returns to the province in which he wishes to stay.

§ 84. Commands following one and the same highway are to be combined into one common command, if possible, under the command of one Field or Company-grade Officer.

§ 85. For greater order during the march, these commands are counted off into companies, platoons, and sections [roty, vzvody i otdeleniya]. To head a company a Field or Company-grade Officer is designated, while platoons and sections are placed under the charge of the most trustworthy non-commissioned officer of the number going on indefinite leave.

§ 86. Special Officers from the forces are not assigned to convey commands consisting of less than 100 men. These are sent off using the Internal Guard and its normal étape procedure.

§ 87. For provisioning lower ranks while on the march, Commanders of Corps and reserve divisions request from Treasury Boards the appropriate subsistence money in accordance with the circumstances of the commands passing through, this being charged to the State Treasury’s account [na shchet Gosudarstvennago Kaznacheistva].

§ 88. This money is issued from Treasury Boards in accordance with the table confirmed in its own time by HIGHEST Authority, using the special notebooks tied with cords, and according to size of the parties sent forth. The settling of these accounts is noted in the requisitions of Corps Commanders and those Commanding reserve divisions.

§ 89. Corps Commanders and those Commanding reserve divisions, upon receipt of subsistence money, forward it to Commanders of divisions and reserve brigades or to the Field-grade Officers assigned to collection points, and with it send march routes to be followed by the commands.

§ 90. Before the commands are sent out, Commanders of Corps and reserve divisions inform Civil Governors of the Provinces through which the commands will pass so that their passage will be unhindered and the necessary number of local inhabitants’ carts prepared.

§ 91. When all arrangements for dispatching commands have thus been made, the Officers designated to accompany them are provided with: a) Special written instructions for leading the commands to the Provinces. b) A list of lower ranks by name, prepared for each Province following form No. 6 (§ 80). c) Service lists. d). Subsistence funds for lower ranks in accordance with their number, along with the corded notebook issued by the Treasury Board. e) Leave billets for lower ranks. And after all this the commands march out when so ordered.

§ 92. All arrangements regarding the release of lower ranks on indefinite leave are to be done without the slightest delay, scheduled in time so that these lower ranks may immediately take their leave on 1 September of each year.

§ 93. Commanders of divisions and reserve brigades, or the Field-grade Officers designated for the collection points, report the commands’ departure times to the Corps and reserve division Commanders, submitting : nominal rolls according to form No. 6, and general summarized registers, according to form No. 2, which tell how many lower ranks are destined for which Provinces. After this, the Field-grade Officers at the collection points return to there usual locations.

§ 94. Lower ranks who because of illness are not sent with the other lower ranks grouped into commands are conveyed, once they are recovered, by the Internal Guard.

§ 95. Along with the lower ranks who are given over to the authority of the Internal Guard for escort in accordance with the preceding paragraph and § 86, there will be submitted their leave billets as well as lists of their names, following form No. 6 (indicated in § 80).

§ 96. If anyone of the lower ranks eligible for release on indefinite leave is on detached duty, then such men are to be recalled to their regiments, battalions, or batteries in time to be sent off together with the other lower ranks.

§ 97. From this are excluded those lower ranks who are permanently detached to the model regiments and batteries, both horse and foot. They are sent out together with those lower ranks who are released from the forces of the Separate Guards Corps.

§ 98. When commands are on the march, local carts are specially requisitioned (no more than one for every 50 men in a party) only for sick lower ranks, until they are delivered to military or town hospitals lying along the route, and additionally, one cart for the billeting party officer [kvartirger] sent out ahead.

§ 99. Carts are levied with compensation based on the Regulation of the Committee of Ministers as confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on 15 March (25 June), 1824 (29968); for commands moving through the Kingdom of Poland, this is done according to the existing regulations there.

§ 100. Leaders of commands, when delivering sick lower ranks to military or town hospitals, leave with them all items and money belonging to them, and also their leave billets, writing on them exactly what items and how much money belonging to the lower ranks has been given over to the hospital or sick ward.

§ 101. On these same leave billets, overseers of hospitals and sick wards write a receipt for the items and money received and sign the general party list as to receiving the sick man with his billet, belongings, and money.

§ 102. Lower ranks left in hospitals and sick wards because of illness are to be received in them without hindrance and are to be treated in accordance with the general rules established for service members, and upon their recovery they are to be conveyed to their destination by the Internal Guard.

§ 103. In case of the death of one of the lower ranks left in military or town hospitals, the Administration Offices [Kontory] of the hospitals or sick wards report this to the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War and the Commander of the Garrison battalion of the Province to which the deceased was destined. The items and money left by these lower ranks, as well as their personnel belongings, are handled according to normal regulations.

§ 104. If during the march one of the lower ranks released on indefinite leave disobeys his officer or commits any other kind of unlawful offense or is guilty of disorderly conduct, then upon arrival at the next provincial capital this man is delivered over to the Commander of the Garrison battalion to be put before a military court and treated according to statutes, with the right to indefinite leave and retirement being permanently revoked. The Chief of the command reports each such incident to the Inspection Department and annotates the list given him by his higher authorities.

§ 105. Once lower ranks are brought to their native provinces, or those places to which they wished to be sent to live, Chiefs of commands give them over along with their leave billets, as follows:

In district seats [uezdnye goroda] lying on the road to the provincial capital—to the Commanders of district Invalid commands; and

In provincial capitals—to Commanders of Garrison battalions, all remaining persons who are due to be distributed throughout that province.

§ 106. When turning over lower ranks to Commanders of district Invalid commands located along the route to a provincial capital, the Officers of the parties make up a nominal roster for them, undersigned by themselves. On these lists the party Officers write that they delivered over to them the personnel along with the items and money that belonged to them. The Invalid Commanders write that they received them, and this list serves the party Officer in place of a receipt.

§ 107. Upon arriving in a provincial capital, the party Officer delivers to the Commander of the Garrison battalion the remaining men destined for indefinite leave in that Province, and gives him lists of those personnel who were turned over in district towns (§ 106), and also the general service lists of all the lower ranks. After this he receives a receipt from the Commander of the Garrison battalion acknowledging the transfer of the men making up the party for that Province, written on the general list issued when setting out from the collection point.

§ 108. If while turning over personnel going on indefinite leave there are not more than 50 men left in the command, then the special Officer escorting these men turns them over to Commanders of Garrison battalions or district Invalid commands to be conveyed to their destination, in accordance with the rules laid out above in §§ 86 and 95.

Note. From this are excluded those cases when lower ranks are being escorted to the native provinces by Officers going on extended leave in those same places. These Officers accompany them to the last points.

§ 109. When Commanders of Garrison battalions and district Invalid commands have received lower ranks (in accordance with § 105), they immediately send them to the places where they will live and deliver into their hands their leave billets, while the lists they are on are left in the offices of the battalions and commands.

§ 110. Lower ranks conveyed by the Internal Guard are turned over in just the same way when they have arrived at the places in which they have chosen to live: to Commanders of Garrison battalions when in provincial capitals, and to Commanders of district Invalid commands when in district towns, along with their leave billets and all their belongings.

§ 111. In each Garrison battalion is kept an alphabetical index of lower ranks on leave, following the accompanying form No. 7, in which are also entered all these lower ranks according to their manner of arrival, as will be described in Chapter II of this Regulation.

§ 112. Once Officers escorting lower ranks have completed their assignment, they return to their regiments, battalions, and Artillery batteries, and for each command deliver to the Commanders of Corps or reserve divisions lists of the lower ranks, the vouchers written by Garrison battalion Commanders acknowledging having received them, and the corded notebooks for subsistence moneys. These notebooks are to be sent to the Treasury Boards for review according to established procedures.

§ 113. Party Officers released on extended leave, once the lower ranks have been brought to their destinations, do not return before their term of leave is over, but they report the delivery of the personnel to Corps Commanders and those Commanding reserve divisions. They submit the lists with the written vouchers acknowledging receipt of the personnel, while the corded notebooks with the total sum disbursed for the Commands’ subsistence are sent to the nearest Treasury Board. They themselves stay on leave for the allowed period.

§ 114. Officers released on extended leave are enrolled, depending on their arm of service, into the replacement half-battalion, half-squadron, or Artillery half-battery of the Province in which they will live, and for this the Commanders of the Corps and reserve divisions supply them with billets which they are to present to the Commander of the Garrison battalion when they arrive at the Province in which they wish to stay, as laid out in detail in Section II of Chapter II of this Regulation. These Officers are considered as detached [v komandirovke] from their regiments, battalions, or Artillery half-batteries and are shown in the columns of the normal reports.

§ 115. In regard to the release of lower ranks on indefinite leave in this manner, Corps Commanders and those Commanding reserve divisions must promptly and without fail report by 1 November: a) To the Inspection Department: Nominal lists of Officers released on extended leave, using the accompanying form No. 8. Nominal lists of lower ranks released on extended leave, using the enclosed form No. 9. General summary register, following form No. 2 (§ 71). Nominal lists of lower ranks receiving pensions for having the medal of the Military Order, using the enclosed form No. 10. — b) To Civil Governors. Of those Provinces to which lower ranks are sent to live, nominal lists using form No. 6. — c) To Army Commanders-in-Chief. From the various Corps that make up the Armies, summary registers following forming No. 2.

Note. Printed blanks for all such lists and registers are provided by the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War upon the request of Corps Commanders and those Commanding reserve divisions.

§ 116. When the Inspection Department receives the information listed in the preceding § 115, it itself reviews some of the forms to ensure that they have been prepared and verified correctly in the forces, and then it enters the lower ranks released on indefinite leave in its own special registers. The form for this register is included here as No. 11.

§ 117. At the same time the Inspection Department makes general lists for each Province (form No. 6), sends them to the Regional Generals of the Corps of the Internal Guard to inform them exactly how many such lower ranks will be under their administration, and issues orders for enrolling them in replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries in accordance with the guidance set forth in chapter II of this Regulation.

§ 118. The lists of lower ranks who when in service were receiving pensions for being awarded the medal of the Military Order are forwarded by the Inspection Department to the Department of the State Treasury so that arrangements can be made for disbursing these pensions from the District Treasuries of those districts to which lower ranks are released on indefinite leave.

 

Second Chapter.

 

Sect. I.— OBLIGATIONS OF LOWER RANKS, RELEASED ON INDEFINITE LEAVE, AFTER THEY ARRIVE AT THEIR PLACES OF RESIDENCE; THEIR RIGHTS, PRIVILEGES, AND RESPONSIBILITIES.

§ 119. Once lower ranks released on indefinite leave have arrived at the places chosen for their residence, they are subordinate to the Commanders of the Internal Garrison battalions of the Provinces in which they are located. And depending on their place of residence, they are subject to Town or Rural Police.

§ 120. They are subordinate to the local military authorities as if they had not yet been released from service, but without having any kind of duty obligations unless they are specially called into active service as part of the replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries.

§ 121. They are subject to the local civil authorities since they are in places under their jurisdiction, as well as because their daily life is similar to that of other inhabitants. They are subordinate to these authorities in the same way as retired soldiers, and in accordance with the rules set forth in this Regulation.

§ 122. On this basis, all lower ranks released on indefinite leave, as soon as they go on leave status, are at this same time to present themselves: in towns—to the Town Governors [Gorodnichie] or Police Chiefs [Politsei-meistery], and in the districts—to the Rural Courts [Zemskie Sudy], presenting to their billets to them.

§ 123. Town and Rural Police register these billets in books especially kept for this purpose, in this regard following the enclosed form No. 12, and, noting on the billets precisely when it was presented and under what number it was registered in the book, they return each of them without delay to their owner.

§ 124. With these billets, lower ranks go to their places of habitation and there they either rejoin their families and live with them, dividing the general labor, or they look for other means to support themselves.

§ 125. They may take up without hindrance farming, livestock raising, industries, and any sort of craft, just as other inhabitants.

§ 126. They may take up any employment, private as well as public, in the Police administration, as workers in Government Offices [Prisutstvennyya mesta], and in other establishments of the civil administration.

§ 127. They may settle on plots of state land to engage in farming, based on the decrees for retired lower ranks which were laid out in the resolutions of the State Council and confirmed by HIGHEST Authority, 15 June (28 July), 1816 (26376) and 26 January (29 March), 1820 (28215), and any male children born to them after that time do not come under military administration.

§ 128. They may also settle on landowner’s estates, upon their agreement, and these landowners, having given such lower ranks permanent settlement to support them and their families, enjoy the benefits offered by the HIGHEST ukase issued to the Ruling Senate on 6 December, 1828 (2494), relating to the children of lower ranks retired from service.

§ 129. Until receiving full retirement, they only may not enroll themselves in the poll-tax paying population [podatnoe sostoyanie], since before retirement they must go on duty at the first call-up, as part of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries. [The poll-tax paying population was subject to conscription.  This article forbids men on indefinite leave from attempting to avoid call-up by changing their status to a payer of poll-tax, whose chances of being conscripted in the normal course of events were relatively small - M.C.]

§ 130. Lower ranks on leave, in regard to their occupation and means of earning a living, have the full right to change residence from one village to another and from one district to another within the same Province. Town and Rural Police are not only not to hinder them in this case, but are to help them in this with all means at their disposal, and are held strictly accountable for any constraints they impose.

§ 131. Having in this way full freedom to set themselves up in their chosen place of residence, lower ranks on leave may therefore only move to another Province when after three months from the time they arrived at the first place they chose for themselves, they still have not found a sure means of providing for themselves.

§ 132. Exactly in what manner lower ranks released on indefinite leave have set themselves up once they had arrived in a Province, and how they obtain a means to live, are reported by Town and Rural Police to the Civil Governors after then end of the three-month period, and the latter passes this on to the Garrison battalion Commanders, who note this in the lists of lower ranks, about which more is said below in Section I of Chapter III.

§ 133. If any of the lower ranks on indefinite leave wish to return to their previous active service, they are to be accepted without hindrance. They make a preliminary declaration to the local Police and, having received their permission to travel to the provincial capital, go there to the Commander of the Internal Guard battalion, who either enrolls them in his own battalion if they do not appear to be fit for field duty, or, in the opposite case, sends them to the nearest forces, reporting this at the same time to the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War.

§ 134. Lower ranks released on indefinite leave are given the right to keep their cantonist sons with them, both those sent out with them when they were released on leave, and those born after this. Following the example of retired soldiers, this is until the age of 16 years when living in towns, and until 18 years when in villages and settlements.

§ 135. Town and Rural Police are responsible for strictly observing that all such cantonists are directly enrolled in the nearest battalions and half-battalions of military cantonists, based on the Regulation for cantonist minors, confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on 9 June, 1827 (1159), and the ukase of 6 December, 1828 (2494).

§ 136. Lower ranks on leave who are bachelors or widowers may enter into legal marriages without any special permission on the part of local authorities; their leave billets are to serve as accurate proof of whether they are married, single, or widowed, and based on these, the religious authority performs the marriage, if there are no legal obstacles to this.

§ 137. Clergy who perform marriages for lower ranks are to write on their leave billets the date they were married and to whom, and also on these billets they note male children born to the lower ranks while on indefinite leave.

§ 138. Lower ranks on indefinite leave must conduct themselves soberly and with decorum, always maintaining a soldierly appearance, shaving their beard, not take to begging, and dress decently, wearing the uniform greatcoat or normal civilian clothes.

§ 139. If, however, any of these lower ranks conduct himself in an undisciplined and drunken manner, or, from a disinclination to work, begins to beg for alms, or is noted in other improper conduct, then such persons, after they are appropriately investigated by local authorities, are sent to Commanders of Internal Guard battalions to be turned over to active duty, being permanently deprived of the right to retirement.

§ 140. But if it happens that any of these lower ranks is guilty of a crime subject to trial according to the laws, then such are turned over to a military tribunal at the Internal Guard battalions. Their court records are presented to Regional Generals of the Internal Guard and are decided upon in accordance with the Generals’ jurisdictional powers, or they are sent to the Commander of the Separate Corps of the Internal Guard, if the importance of the case demands it.

§ 141. Lower ranks on leave who become involved in legal or investigative affairs are summoned by civilian Government Offices through the Town or Rural Police by a deputy from the military side who is designated by an order of the Commander of a Garrison battalion or the Chief of an Invalid command.

§ 142. In regard to all lower ranks returned to service for vices or after being brought before a military court, Commanders of Internal Guard battalions make a report at the end of each month to the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War and to Regional Generals of the Internal Guard.

§ 143. All the rules set forth in this Regulation regarding lower ranks on leave apply with equal force to lower ranks who already received releases on indefinite leave from the forces of the Separate Grenadier Corps and the reserve divisions of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th Infantry Corps in accordance with the directives issued on 15 August, 1833 (6397) and 28 February, 1834 (6864).

Sect. II.— THE ESTABLISHMENT IN THE PROVINCES OF REPLACEMENT HALF-BATTALIONS, HALF-SQUADRONS, AND ARTILLERY HALF-BATTERIES, AND RULES FOR ASSIGNING TO THEM LOWER RANKS RELEASED ON INDEFINITE LEAVE.

§ 144. Replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and replacement Artillery half-batteries [Zapasnye polubataliony, polu-eskadrony i zapasnyya Artilleriiskiya polubatarei] are established in the Provinces in accordance with the number of lower ranks released on indefinite leave, and according to the numbers and arms of service making up the Army.

§ 145. Accordingly, there are established throughout the provinces: replacement half-battalions, for the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th Infantry Corps, corresponding to the number of regiments—72. Replacement half-squadrons, for the Cavalry of the Grenadier Corps, the six infantry corps, and the three Reserve Cavalry Corps, corresponding to the number of regiments—52. Replacement Artillery half-battalions: Foot, for the Artillery of the Grenadier Corps and 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th Infantry Corps, corresponding to the number of Artillery foot brigades—21; Horse, for the Artillery of the Grenadier Corps, the six Infantry and three Reserve Cavalry Corps, corresponding to the number of these Corps—10.

§ 146. All these half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries are designated by numbers in series: half-battalions—from No. 1 through No. 72; half-squadrons—from No. 1 through No. 52; and Artillery half-batteries—Foot, from No. 1 through No. 21, Horse, from No. 1 through No. 10.

§ 147. The replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries proposed for each Province are to receive their titles according to the accompanying lettered charts A, B, C, and D.

§ 148. It is not proposed to have replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and replacement Artillery half-batteries in the Provinces on the western border and those adjacent to them. Lower ranks released in these Provinces, when called into service, are directly assigned to the troops of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th Infantry Corps, according to the accompanying chart E.

§ 149. In addition, in the Provinces of the Siberia territory, and in some others, as indicated in the accompanying chart F, because of their remoteness and the small number of lower ranks released on leave in these places, special replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries are not proposed to be established. Rather, lower ranks who have come to these Provinces on leave are assigned to the forces indicated in the chart.

§ 150. For each Province, replacement half-battalions, half-squad-rons, and Artillery half-batteries are composed of: a) Field and Company-grade Officers specially assigned from those serving in the Army, Cavalry, and Artillery, and Officers released on extended leave according to the rules explained in § 82 of this Regulation. b) Lower ranks on indefinite leave, based on the following:

a) Regarding Officers who are part of the Army, Cavalry, and Artillery.

§ 151. Upon the confirmation of this Regulation, the Inspection Department presents to the Ministry of War a list of all Field and Company-grade Officers in the Army, Cavalry, and Artillery who have no duties and requests assignments: from senior officers, as Commanders of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, and from junior officers, as cadre of the replacement forces, primarily in those Provinces where they wish to reside, or in the ones nearest to them.

§ 152. From the senior Field-grade Officers are also designated Brigade Commanders over the half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, according to the lettered charts A, B, C, and D, as will be related below in Chapter IV.

§ 153. In the future, when Field and Company-grade Officers in the Army, Cavalry, and Artillery are released from duties they are at the same time assigned a part of the replacement forces, in accordance with the preceding §§ 151 and 152.

§ 154. In regard to all Field and Company-grade Officers designated as Brigade Commanders of replacement brigades or Commanders of half-battalions, half-squadrons, and half-batteries, as well as those assigned as part of these, the Inspection Department informs the appropriate Regional Generals of the Separate Corps of the Internal Guard.

§ 155. Regional Generals maintain their own lists of all Field-grade Officers assigned as Brigade Commanders of replacement brigades, using the enclosed form No. 13, and in regard to those Field and Company-grade Officers who are named as Commanders of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, or are assigned to these, they inform the Commanders of the Garrison battalions which will manage these half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries. Commanders of Garrison battalions enter these Field and Company-grade Officers in lists using the same form No. 13.

§ 156. Field and Company-grade Officers in the Army, Cavalry, and Artillery who are designated as Brigade Commanders or Commanders of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, or as cadre for these, and who live in the provinces to which they are assigned, are, until the lower ranks on leave are called to duty, free from any kind of service responsibility, and therefore during this time do not receive any kind of salary from the treasury, except for those Field and Company-grade Officers who as a special honor maintain a salary, or in the future are designated to do so.

§ 157. Field and Company-grade Officers who in this way are enrolled as part of the replacement forces may, when necessary, travel from one place to another, provided that consequent to a HIGHEST ukase for the mustering to duty of lower ranks on leave, they must immediately come to those places where the replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-battalions to which they belong will gather.

§ 158. Field-grade Officers named as Brigade Commanders are to report any change of residence to the Inspection Department and Regional Generals of the Internal Guard; other Officers also report to the Inspection Department, as well as inform Commanders of the Internal Guard battalions of the provinces in which are located the half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries to which they are assigned. The Inspection Department is to keep lists, always correct, of all such Field and Company-grade Officers, using form No. 13.

§ 159. When lower ranks on leave are mustered for service, Field and Company-grade Officers named as Brigade Commanders or Commanders of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and half-batteries, immediately take up all the duties of their rank and form the units entrusted to them, while junior Officers join these units as will be related in detail in Section I of Chapter IV of this Regulation.

b) Regarding Officers on leave.

§ 160. When Field and Company-grade Officers released on extended leaves arrive in a province, either with parties of lower ranks destined for indefinite leave according to the rules set forth in Section IV of Chapter I of this Regulation, or because they have been granted special permission, they immediately present their billets to the Commanders of Internal Guard battalions, who then enter these Officers in lists, using form No. 13.

§ 161. In the provinces shown in charts A, B, C, and D, designated Officers are assigned to replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries according to the arm of service to which they belong when on duty, and where it is planned to have several half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, these Officers are allotted among them equally.

§ 162. In the provinces shown in chart E, these Officers are assigned to those Corps which the provinces are part of, while in the provinces in chart F—to the forces designated therein.

§ 163. In accordance with this, Commanders of Garrison battalions, having received the billets of Field and Company-grade Officers on leave and having entered them in the lists kept as prescribed by § 160 of this Regulation, note on the billets exactly when they arrived on leave and to which Corps on the charts they are assigned while on leave.

§ 164. Billets with these annotations are returned to the Officers, who at the proper time also notify Commanders of Garrison battalions that they are leaving their commands, if during the course of the leave they have not been summoned into service as part of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries.

c) Regarding lower ranks on leave.

§ 165. All lower ranks released on indefinite leave, when they arrive in the provinces shown in charts A, B, C, and D, are at this same time enrolled into replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and replacement Artillery half-batteries, in accordance with where they were during their service, i.e. whether in the infantry, Cavalry, or Artillery.

Note. Lower ranks who served in Sapper units are assigned to replacement half-battalions.

§ 166. In provinces where it is proposed to establish two, three, or more replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and replacement Artillery half-batteries, lower ranks are distributed according to the number of these half-battalions, half-squadrons, and half-batteries, with an equal number of personnel being assigned to each of them.

§ 167. During such assignments of lower ranks to replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, it is to be taken care that lower ranks enrolled as part of the half-battalions, half-squadrons, and half-batteries are from the same districts; but if in order to make the number of personnel equal it becomes necessary to detach men from another district, then the persons to be detached for this purpose are to be from the villages nearest to the district of the half-battalion, half-squadron, or half-battery to which they are to be assigned.

§ 168. On this same basis the numbers of non-commissioned officers in each province are also equalized: in regard to replacement half-battalions, in regard to half-squadrons, and in regard to replacement Artillery half-batteries.

§ 169. Such assignments of lower ranks to replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, are only to be done using the lists and registers alone, as will be related below. These lower ranks are not in any circumstance to be mustered without a special HIGHEST order, and are to enjoy their freedom granted by this Regulation as a right.

§ 170. Lower ranks in the provinces listed on charts E and F do not form replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, but are considered to belong, according to lists, to the forces shown in these same charts, and are only divided according to their previous arm of service into infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery.

§ 171. As part of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries are also included all lower ranks released on indefinite leave prior to this from the Separate Grenadier Corps and the reserve divisions of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th Infantry Corps.

§ 172. Lower ranks of the forces of the Separate Guards Corps also belong to replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, but they are not enrolled as part of them [ne vkhodyat v sostav onykh], but rather are considered as detached to them [k nim prekomandirovannyi]. Commanders of Garrison battalions maintain special lists for them, and in case lower ranks are called up, they will receive special instructions regarding them.

§ 173. In accordance with the rules laid out above, there are also enrolled into replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries all those lower ranks who in the future are released on leave, without changing the number of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries indicated in charts A, B, C, and D. The number of men on leave only increases or decreases (through loss of personnel) the strength of these units.

§ 174. In this same way lower ranks on leave are also assigned to the forces shown in charts E and F.

§ 175. In as much as lower ranks on leave are placed under Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions according to § 119 of this Regulation, all arrangements for enrolling these lower ranks in replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries are also the direct responsibility of these same Commanders of Garrison battalions, under the special, precise, and constant supervision of Regional Generals of the Internal Guard.

§ 176. For all lower ranks released on indefinite leave and enrolled in replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, detailed nominal lists, in addition to the alphabetical ones mentioned in § 111, are maintained in each Garrison battalion, following the enclosed form No. 15.

§ 177. In these lists there are indicated in full detail: a) Each man’s rank. b) Time of entry into service. c) Last place of service in the active or reserve forces. d) Pay rate on service, and pension amount for those receiving such. e) Time of release on indefinite leave. f) Place of residence chosen by each lower rank, and family status of each. g) Means of making a living while on indefinite leave. And h) Date when each is to receive full retirement [chistaya otstavka].

Finally there is a special column in which are recorded losses of lower ranks.

§ 178. These lists are drawn up using the information provided to Commanders of Garrison battalions by Regional Generals in accordance with § 117, and by party Officers delivering lower ranks to Provinces, and also from the information which Civil Governors and local Town and Rural Police will send to Commanders of Garrison battalions based on Section I of Chapter III of this Regulation.

§ 179. In the provinces shown in registers A, B, C, and D, these lists are to be specially maintained for each half-battalion, half-squadron, and half-battery; for provinces indicated in registers E and F—for infantry, for Cavalry, and for Artillery.

§ 180. In administering replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, Regional Generals of the Internal Guard and Commanders of Garrison battalions conduct correspondence separately from those subjects related to the management of the Internal Guard units entrusted to them.

§ 181. The main control of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and replacement Artillery half-batteries is concentrated in the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War.

 

Third Chapter.

 

Sect. I.— KEEPING ACCOUNTS OF LOWER RANKS IN THEIR PLACES OF RESIDENCE AND IN REPLACEMENT HALF-BATTALIONS, HALF-SQUADRONS, AND ARTILLERY HALF-BATTERIES, AND THE RESPONSIBILITIES OF LOCAL CIVIL AND MILITARY AUTHORITIES IN THIS REGARD.

§ 182. All lower ranks on indefinite leave, as related above in § 119, being under the control of local Police, are directly subordinate to the Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions, and accordingly accuracy in regard to keeping track of them is the responsibility of:

For place of residence—Town and Rural Police.
For affiliation to replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries—Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions.

§ 183. In the first case, Civil Governors are to directly ensure that information is always accurate and exact in regard to lower ranks on leave—where each of them and in general all of them are located in the province. And in the latter case, the same responsibility for the correct count of lower ranks in replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, with continuous and detailed information about all of them, belongs to Regional Generals of the Internal Guard under the higher supervision of the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War.

§ 184. In this way, the general responsibility for keeping a count of lower ranks is divided between civil and military authorities, based on the following principles:

A.—Responsibilities of Civil Authorities.

§ 185. When Civil Governors receive from Commanders of Corps and reserve divisions the information prescribed in § 115 regarding lower ranks released on indefinite leave to the provinces under their charge, they at the same time inform Town and Rural Police about this, as appropriate.

§ 186. Town and Rural Police, having received this information, enter all lower ranks on leave into books kept in accordance with the form indicated in § 123.

§ 187. When lower ranks on leave arrive at the places in which they have chosen to live, Town and Rural Police record in their books, in accordance with § 123, the billets presented to them, at the same time checking whether all the lower ranks who have declared their residence to be in that district have actually arrived there.

§ 188. Having made this check and, during the three-month period following the arrival of lower ranks, having collected the information prescribed by § 132 of this Regulation, namely the manner by which they maintain themselves in their places of residence, Town and Rural Police submit to Civil Governors lists of the lower ranks who have arrived in the towns and districts, and of those who have not appeared in them.

§ 189. Civil Governors forward such lists to Commanders of Garrison battalions so that they may know exactly which lower ranks arrived in their native province and by what means they made a living, as well as so that checks can be made and information provided regarding those lower ranks who have not shown up in the districts.

§ 190. After having received from Commanders of Garrison battalions information regarding the reasons for the absence of men on leave, Civil Governors deliver this to Town and Rural Police, as appropriate, for entry into their books.

§ 191. Town and Rural Police, in this way having in the books which they maintain full information about all lower ranks on leave, keep these books with complete accuracy, annotating them without fail in regard to all changes concerning lower ranks on leave.

§ 192. Town and Rural Police strictly observe that no lower rank released on indefinite leave moves without their knowledge from the town or village which he initially made his residence.

§ 193. When in accordance with § 130 of this Regulation Town and Rural Police permit the relocation of lower ranks from one village to another, or from one district to another, in the same Province, they note this in their books and write on the billets of the lower ranks on leave: "that private or non-commissioned officer NN, in accordance with his wish, for such-and-such reason, is permitted to change residence to town N, or such-and-such village in such-and-such district, provided that when he arrives in that district, he presents his billet to the Town or Rural Police there."

§ 194. Town and Rural Police drop from their books all lower ranks who have moved to another district and send information regarding them to the Town or Rural Police, as appropriate, under whose jurisdiction the lower ranks will come; and these Police enter them in their books and without fail must watch for their arrival.

§ 195. Town and Rural Police also observe, and are responsible for, ensuring that there are by no means any lower ranks on leave maintaining residences under their jurisdiction without the legal permission for such on their billets.

§ 196. For business prospects or for other important reasons, lower ranks may, with the permission of Town and Rural Police, temporarily betake themselves to other Provinces, exactly as can other inhabitants, with the only privilege that for them the billets for this are not issued on stamped paper [gerbovaya bumaga], but on plain.

§ 197. If any lower rank, for special economic prospects, business reasons, or in other unavoidable circumstances, wishes to change his residence to another Province: then he declares this to Town or Rural Police, but not before the expiration of the three-month period from the day of his arrival at the place first he first chose, as related in § 131. —The Police, when reporting this to Civil Governors, also include their opinion as to whether this relocation would meet with any obstacles.

§ 198. The Civil Governor, having found the request worthy, permits the Police to allow the petitioner to move to the other Province, and at the same time gives notification of this to the Commander of the Garrison battalion of the Province under his charge, and to the Civil Governor of that Province to which lower ranks are moving.

§ 199. Town and Rural Police, during such movements of lower ranks from one Province to another, follow the same rules prescribed in §§ 193 and 194 for lower ranks moving from one district to another.

§ 200. If any lower rank on indefinite leave willingly leaves his place of residence or does not appear after a permitted period of absence, then local Authorities, or the administration under which the lower ranks have set themselves up, or the landowner on whose holdings they settled, is strictly accountable for immediately and without fail reporting this to the Rural Police, who at this time take the requisite measures to find these persons, and if in the course of a month they are not found, and themselves do not appear, then they are noted in the lists as deserters and excluded from counts of personnel.

§ 201. This same procedure is to be followed by Town Police in the case of a willful absence of lower ranks living in towns.

§ 202. When lower ranks who have run away are caught, they are sent to Commanders of Garrison battalions and are dealt with as military deserters.

§ 203. In the case of the death of lower ranks on indefinite leave, the Priests who buried them write on their leave billets: exactly when they died and where they were buried, and the billets with these notations are immediately delivered to the Town and Rural Police, who use these billets to note in their books the lower ranks’ times of death.

§ 204. For all changes in the number of lower ranks on leave, i.e. for their moving from one district to another, and from one Province to another, for willful absence, and for deaths, Town and Rural Police, at the end of every month, notify Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions and along with this send the billets left behind by deceased lower ranks; and if any of these had some medal of distinction, these are also sent.

§ 205. Civil Governors, for their part, are to specifically see to it that all the rules prescribed here for Town and Rural Police in regard to lower ranks on leave within their jurisdictions are exactly observed without the least omission.

§ 206. For all lower ranks on leave who arrive in a Province, Civil Governors, using the information delivered to them by Town and Rural Police in accordance with § 188, provide lists to the Inspection Department showing the manner in which lower ranks are maintaining themselves. The form for these lists is enclosed herein as No. 16.

§ 207. Civil Governors, either personally or through special officials, annually verify the correct maintenance by Town and Rural Police of the books established by §§ 123 and 186 of this Regulation.

§ 208. They are held responsible if in the Provinces entrusted to them any kind of irregularities are allowed concerning the Town and Rural Police’s counting of lower ranks on indefinite leave.

B.—Responsibilities of Military Authorities.

§ 209. When lower ranks arrive on indefinite leave, Commanders of Garrison battalions, precisely following the rules prescribed in §§ 111 and 176 of this Regulation, immediately enter them in alphabetical registers [alfavity] and in the summary lists for them, using the given form.

§ 210. These alphabetical registers and lists are to be kept with complete detail and accuracy, and Commanders of Garrison battalions are to use them for making summary accounts of lower ranks.

§ 211. All changes that may occur concerning lower ranks on leave are without fail noted in these lists, and in this way there must be no error of any kind in the calculation of lower ranks on leave.

§ 212. Commanders of Internal Guard battalions strictly observe that those lower ranks who were left behind while traveling to indefinite leave because of illness do arrive at their places of residence after recovering, and if for a long time no information about them is received, then through correspondence with hospitals and sickwards, as well as Town and Rural Police, they find out exactly where such lower ranks are located, or where they went.

§ 213. When lower ranks are permitted to move from one Province to another, Commanders of Garrison battalions are to exclude them from their accounts and report these personnel to the Commanders of Internal Guard battalions of those Provinces to which the lower ranks are moving, so that they may be included in the lists under their management and their arrival watched for.

§ 214. Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions and chiefs of district Invalid commands, for lower ranks on leave under their administration, on their part strictly and untiringly see to it that when men on leave wish to move to another district to search for better means of making a living, they are released by Town and Rural Police in accordance with § 130 without any restrictions.

§ 215. At the close of each month, and in no case later than the 3rd of the next month, Commanders of Garrison battalions provide Regional Generals of the Internal Guard with tabular reports for all lower ranks on leave, those enrolled in replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries as well as assigned to the forces, with indications of personnel gains and losses. Officers enrolled in replacement forces are also noted in these reports. The form for these reports is enclosed herein under No. 17.

§ 216. When such reports are received from their subordinate Commanders of Garrison battalions, Regional Generals of the Internal Guard provide the Inspection Department with general reports of personnel on leave for the entire Region, using the accompanying form No. 18, with all losses shown which occurred during the previous month.

§ 217. Regional Generals of the Internal Guard send these reports to the Inspection Department no later than three days after they receive the last report from the Commanders of the Garrison battalions of the Region under their charge.

§ 218. Commanders of Garrison battalions forward the billets left behind by deceased lower ranks to Regional Generals of the Internal Guard along with the monthly reports. In turn, Regional Generals enclose these with the similar reports provided to the Inspection Department.

§ 219. If upon the death of a lower rank there are left behind medals of distinction, then of these: medals of St. Anne and medals of the Military Order are send by Regional Generals to the Chapter of Russian Imperial and Tsarist Orders, and all other badges and medals—to the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War.

§ 220. Regional Generals of the Internal Guard continuously observe that there is a proper reckoning in their subordinate Garrison battalions of lower ranks on leave.

§ 221. They make annual verifications of the lists and alphabetical registers of lower ranks on leave, as held in the Garrison battalions, and testify to their proper upkeep by writing on the lists and alphabetical registers themselves:

On the first: "These lists were verified and it appeared that in all aspects they were in accordance with the rules of the Regulation for releasing lower ranks on indefinite leave, confirmed on such-and-such date by HIGHEST Authority, and that the number of personnel shown in them was accurate as compared to original lists and information and in agreement with that indicated by the monthly reports provided to me by the Commander of the Garrison battalion." Year, month, day, and the signature of the Regional General.

On the latter: "This alphabetical register completely agreed with the rules of the Regulation for releasing lower ranks on indefinite leave, confirmed on such-and-such date by HIGHEST Authority; all lower ranks indicated in lists were entered in it and the appropriate deletions for lost personnel were made." Year, month, day, and the signature of the Regional General.

§ 222. If during this checking any errors are discovered, then they are noted on the lists and alphabetical registers in the written statements themselves, with a detailed indication of how they are to be rectified.

§ 223. Having carried out this check of the lists and alphabetical registers of lower ranks on leave for the entire Internal Guard Region, Regional Generals at this same time report to the Inspection Department regarding what they found during such a check.

§ 224. The Commander of the Separate Corps of the Internal Guard, when inspecting Garrison battalions, also examines the indicated lists and alphabetical registers and, having testified to this in writing on the lists themselves, notes in his inspection report records, just as for other subjects, what was found to be the condition of that part which he examined.

§ 225. The Inspection Department, concentrating in itself the main administration of lower ranks on leave, is obliged to maintain a general, uninterrupted, and constant supervision over the correct counting of these lower ranks, and keeps complete numerical data about them always ready.

§ 226. In so far as the paperwork of their Headquarters sections [Upravleniya] is increased as responsibility for managing lower ranks on leave is placed on Commanders of Garrison battalions and Regional Generals of the Internal Guard, each Garrison battalion has another three clerks added to those authorized by the personnel table [shtat], and for each Headquarters section of a Regional General—four, with the salary prescribed for this rank.

 

Sect. II.— PROCEDURE FOR RELEASEING LOWER RANKS ON INDEFINITE LEAVE INTO FULL RETIREMENT.

§ 227. Along with the release from the forces of lower ranks onto indefinite leave based on the rules explained in the 1st chapter of this Regulation, those lower ranks on indefinite leave who finish the overall period of service, i.e. 22 years for the Guards and 25 for the Army, are released into full retirement [chistaya otstavka].

§ 228. For this, the endpoint for releasing lower ranks to retirement is set as the 1st of September of each year, except during wartime when a special HIGHEST directive will be announced suspending indefinite leaves and retirements.

§ 229. In each region the annual designation of which of the lower ranks on leave are due to receive retirement (when such has not been suspended) is left to the Regional Generals of the Separate Corps of the Internal Guard, on the same basis as indefinite leaves are the responsibility of Corps Commanders and those officers Commanding reserve divisions.

§ 230. For all lower ranks on indefinite leave status who by 1 September of the current year have finished the defined period for retirement: 22 years in the Guards and 25 in the Army, in the January third of the year Commanders of Garrison battalions draw up lists following the enclosed form No. 19, and along with their service records [formulyary] these are presented to Regional Generals of the Internal Guard by the 1st of May.

§ 231. Regional Generals verify the actual 22 or 25-year period of service of lower ranks using the information provided by the Inspection Department in accordance with § 117 and then, for those who are due for retirement, they prepare retirement passports [pasporty ob otstavke], signed by themselves, using the accompanying form No. 20. Printed blanks for these passports are provided from the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War.

§ 232. Having prepared the passports, Regional Generals forward them without fail on the 1st of September to Commanders of Garrison battalions, who, after noting in the last column of their list of lower ranks the date the retirement passport was given out and its number, immediately send them to Civil Governors with a special list of names detailing where each of the lower ranks resides.

§ 233. Civil Governors forward these passports to Town and Rural Police without the least delay.

§ 234. Having received such passports, Town and Rural Police also do not delay in giving them out to each appropriate lower rank, and at the same time they collect from them their leave billets and write on them when each of them was given his passport.

§ 235. Town and Rural Police send these billets with these notations to the Civil Governors for delivery to Commanders of Garrison battalions, and along with this they note in their books the release of the lower ranks.

§ 236. Having been given back these billets, Commanders of Garrison battalions note their return in their lists, using form No. 15 from § 176, and send them to the Regional Generals, who, after drawing cross marks across them, file them among the papers of their Headquarters sections.

§ 237. With the issuance of their passports, lower ranks who have received retirement are dropped from the accounts of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, and enter the status of retired soldiers.

§ 238. By the 1st of November Regional Generals provide the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War with nominal lists of all lower ranks release on full retirement, using the accompanying form No. 21.

§ 239. The Inspection Department, having received these lists and the information sent from Commanders of Corps and reserve divisions in accordance with § 115 of this Regulation, use the accompanying forms Nos. 22, 23, and 24 to draw up: a register of all lower ranks released on indefinite leave in the current year; a register of all lower ranks on indefinite leave who received retirement; and a table of the numerical strength of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and replacement Artillery half-batteries, by province.

§ 240. The Department presents all these registers to the Minister of War, for the Sovereign Emperor’s HIGHEST consideration.

 

Fourth Chapter.

 

Sect. I.— CALLING UP LOWER RANKS ON LEAVE INTO SERVICE IN REPLACEMENT HALF-BATTALIONS, HALF-SQUADRONS, ADN ARTILLERY  HALF-BATTERIES, AND THE PROCEDURE FOR FORMING THESE.

§ 241. Lower ranks who are on indefinite leave and enjoying all the rights and privileges granted by this Regulation are called into service in case of need.

§ 242. Part of the lower ranks on leave who are called into service form a special replacement force [zapasnoe voisko], and part directly reinforce active forces, based on the rules set forth in this chapter of the Regulation.

§ 243. The ability to reinforce active forces with lower ranks on leave as soon as necessity may demand also makes it possible to not maintain a certain authorized strength of lower ranks in these forces during peacetime, and accordingly there are the following reductions:

In each active battalion of the infantry and Jäger regiments of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, and 6th Infantry Corps—50 privates, making 200 men in an entire regiment.
In each squadrons of the Cavalry regiments of these same Corps—10 privates on foot, making 80 men in an entire regiment.
In each reserve foot half-battery of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, and 6th Artillery Divisions—40 privates.

In wartime this entire force of privates is provided without the least delay by the return to service of lower ranks on leave coming from the nearest provinces listed in table D (§ 148), with the provision that personnel coming to the Artillery join either active batteries, if these have a shortage of personnel, or reserve batteries, if there is no shortfall in the active batteries.

§ 244. Lower ranks on leave are called into service by a special Highest Ukase of His Imperial Majesty to the Minister of War.

§ 245. This ukase establishes whether the lower ranks of all Provinces are called up, or only of some of them, according to the needs which may be presented by the situation.

§ 246. The HIGHEST ukase, passing through the person of the Minister of War, is carried out by: a) On the civil side—through the Ruling Senate [Pravitelstvuyushchii Senat], which sends printed copies of the ukase to Civil Governors, in the number supposed to be enough so that no Town or Rural Police will have to write out copies but will be able announce the ukase to lower ranks on leave using the printed examples. b) On the military side—through the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War.

§ 247. In this way, the whole responsibility for the call-up of lower ranks on leave is divided between Civil and Military Authorities, and it is carried out through their direct instructions.

A.—Actions taken by Civil Authorities.

§ 248. Civil Governors, when they have received from the Ruling Senate the ukase for calling into service lower ranks on leave, directly distribute printed examples of it to Town and Rural Police in the Provinces entrusted to them.

§ 249. Having received this ukase, Town and Rural Police at this same time announce it (in printed examples) to all lower ranks living on indefinite leave and demand that they immediately appear with their leave billets: those living in towns—before the Town Police; and in districts—before the Rural Courts [Zemskie Sudy].

§ 250. Lower ranks carry out the demands of the Police without fail. Those of them who, having been called to service, avoid it and do not appear in time are to be turned over to a military court by the Commander of the Garrison battalion. Only actual illness before recovery can lawfully prevent the return to service of lower ranks on leave.

§ 251. In the case of a man on leave having such an active illness, local town and village authorities, or the administration under which the man on leave has set himself up, at once informs the Town and Rural Police about him, and are held strictly accountable for the truth of their report as well as for having lower ranks, after their recovery, immediately appear before the Police.

§ 252. Upon the call-up to service, lower ranks away on temporary absences in other districts either appear before the Town and Rural Police of that district where the Ruling Senate’s ukase finds them, or on the other hand return to their own district where they have their permanent residence, if necessity demands that they be at their homes.

§ 253. For all lower ranks on leave who report to them but do not come under their administration, Town and Rural Police notify the Town or Rural Police with whom they are registered according to their place of residence, for information purposes and so as to be noted in the books.

§ 254. Upon the announcement of a HIGHEST ukase to muster for service, lower ranks away on temporary absences in other Provinces immediately return to their provinces so as to join the half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries to which they belong.

§ 255. For the lower ranks on leave who come to them, Town and Rural Police write the following on their billets: "It has been declared to Non-commissioned Officer or private N N on such-and-such year, month, and date, in this Police office, or Court, that, in accordance with His Imperial Majesty’s HIGHEST Ukase, issued on such-and-such date, he is called into service and must appear in the town of N N before the Commander of the Garrison battalion there, no later than such-and-such month and date."

§ 256. For the designation of this date, Town and Rural Police take into account the distance of the district town from the provincial city and, accordingly, set the arrival time there for lower ranks on leave.

§ 257. Lower ranks, having received back their billets with the written statements, set off for the Garrison battalions without the slightest delay and present themselves there at the appointed time without fail.

§ 258. When sending off lower ranks on leave, Town and Rural Police note down in their books against each of their names exactly when they left for the Garrison battalion and when they were designated to arrive there.

§ 259. If any of the lower ranks does not appear before the Police in time and no reason for this failure to appear is made known, then the Police demand of each such man the appropriate information and are held strictly accountable for making sure that no one capable of carrying out service remains in their place of residence.

§ 260. Those guilty of concealing such lower ranks are liable for penalties according to the full strictness of the laws, similar to how one is punished for hiding deserters or maintaining an refuge for such.

§ 261. For all lower ranks sent to provincial towns or left behind and not sent, Town and Rural Police present nominal lists to the Civil Governors, using forms Nos. 25 and 26, showing the following:

In the first: exactly when each had the call-up to service announced to him and when he was to appear at the provincial town; and

In the latter: precisely for what reason any of the lower ranks cannot appear for service.

§ 262. Civil Governors, once they receive these lists, forward them to the Commanders of the Garrison battalions of their provinces and at the same time send to the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War a memorandum of the number of lower ranks sent to provincial towns, using the enclosed form No. 27, and a list of personnel not sent, using the mentioned form No. 26.

B.—Actions taken by Military Authorities.

§ 263. Consequent to a HIGHEST ukase calling lower ranks on leave into service, the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War immediately disseminates printed examples of it to Regional Generals of the Separate Corps of the Internal Guard, to the Departments of the Ministry of War, and to other authorities and branches of the military administration which will have to carry it out.

§ 264. Subsequent to the ukase calling up men on leave, the Inspection Department, always having exact information on the state of each province’s replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, and on all Field and Company-grade Officers on extended leave, makes plans and issues orders for assigning these Field and Company-grade Officers to the replacement forces: the senior of these—to available vacancies as Commanders of half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries; and the junior—as members of these, taking into account the Field and Company-grade Officers of the Army, Cavalry, and Artillery who are already assigned to the replacement forces.

§ 265. After having determined in this manner exactly which Officers on extended leave must join which half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, at the same time as it sends out the ukase itself calling up lower ranks on leave, the Inspection Department instructs the Regional Generals of the Internal Guard to carry out these Officer assignments.

§ 266. If the Field and Company-grade Officers of the Army, Cavalry, and Artillery on extended leave are not enough for the number of half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries formed in the provinces, then the Inspection Department designates such from the Army forces and from the Internal Guard. Officers of the Internal Guard are assigned especially for conveying the half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries to the places designated for their quartering. When they actually arrive there, they are replaced, consequent to orders from the Inspection Department, with Army Officers and then return to their previous commands, if this is determined to be necessary.

§ 267. When assigning Officers, it is taken into consideration that in each half-battalion there are to be no less than one Field-grade Officer and five Company-grade Officers, and in each half-squadron and Artillery half-battery, not less than three Company-grade Officers.

§ 268. Medical officers [Meditsinskie chiny] and medics [feldshera] are also appointed to replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries. Arrangements for this are the responsibility of the Medical Department [Meditsinskii Departament] of the Ministry of War.

§ 269. When they receive a HIGHEST ukase calling up men on leave (§ 263), Regional Generals of the Internal Guard send copies of it to Field-grade Officers of the Army, Cavalry, and Artillery who have been appointed as Brigade Commanders of replacement forces, and they immediately set off for the places where the replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries of their brigades are being formed, in accordance with § 157.

§ 270. Along with this, Regional Generals also forward copies of the ukase to their subordinate Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions, to be carried out without fail, in accordance with this Regulation, in everything for which they are responsible.

§ 271. Regarding the issuance of the ukase, Commanders of Garrison battalions immediately inform all Field and Company-grade Officers of the Army, Cavalry, and Artillery who have been assigned to replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries (§§ 151 and 153), and all Officers on extended leave in the provinces. These Officers present themselves in provincial towns without delay so as to join the replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries to which they belong.

§ 272. Commanders of Garrison battalions, using the information in their possession, draw up special nominal lists for, respectively, all lower ranks who must join replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and half-batteries. For provinces, however, for which no replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, or replacement Artillery half-batteries are designated (§ 148), such lists are respectively drawn up for Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery.

§ 273. When lower ranks on leave arrive at provincial towns, Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions mark them on the indicated lists as among those present, and, collecting their leave billets from them, write on them exactly when each man presented himself at the Garrison battalion.

§ 274. If any of the lower ranks do not appear in time, then Commanders of Garrison battalions demand explanations from them and initiate reviews of these excuses. And if these are not found to be valid, then they subject them to arrest or corporal punishment, as appropriate to their guilt, based on the special statutes which follow.

§ 275. If it happens that any of the lower ranks on leave who are enrolled in replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries turn out to be unfit for field service, then such a man, after appropriate certification through the testimony of a Medical Board [Vrachebnaya Uprava], is left on duty in the Garrison battalion of his province for as long as others are serving as part of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and half-batteries.

§ 276. If during the call-up of lower ranks of leave, any of the retired lower ranks also wishes to enter service, they is not to be prohibited from doing so. They are to be enrolled as part of the replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, and in order to distinguish them from the rest, they receive lace [nashivka] sewn onto the left sleeve, made of gold or silver galloon according to their branch of arms, independent of those chevrons which some of them may have for previous service.

§ 277. In provinces where one replacement half-battalion, half-squadron, and Artillery half-battery is being formed, Commanders of Garrison battalions, when lower ranks on leave arrive, are to immediately turn them over to the Field and Company-grade Officers designated for the command of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and half-batteries.

§ 278. In those provinces where according to tables A, B, C, and D there are to be formed more than one half-battalion, half-squadron, and Artillery half-battery, the Brigade Commanders of replacement brigades (Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery, each according to its own branch), are to equably assign the lower ranks among the replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, and, in accordance with such assignments, they order the Commanders of these units to receive their personnel, and to Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions they deliver nominal lists of these men.

§ 279. Using these lists, Commanders of Garrison battalions note on the general lists of lower ranks on leave, maintained in accordance with § 176, to which half-battalion, half-squadron, or Artillery half-battery each of them is going, and along with this they provide the Commanders of the replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries with the billets belonging to the lower ranks on leave. These, since they contain full information regarding the service of these personnel, take the place of their service records [formulyarnye spiski].

§ 280. Having accepted the lower ranks on leave, Commanders of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries without fail turn to organizing the units entrusted to them. Each half-battalion is divided into companies [roty], platoons [vzvody], and squads [kapralstva, lit. "corporalships"], and Officers, non-commissioned officers, and all other ranks are equally distributed to all these units, and each unit receives its thus currently assigned personnel. In the same way replacement half-squadrons and half-batteries are subdivided, with each unit being assigned an equal number of personnel.

Note. Clerks [Pisarya] are designated from among the literate privates less suitable for the battle line: three in each half-battalion, and two for each half-squadron and Artillery half-battery.

§ 281. In provinces where lower ranks on leave, according to the charts of § 148, only form parts of half-squadrons and half-batteries, these lower ranks are mustered in their provincial towns in special Cavalry and Artillery commands, and in these commands they are sent to collection points and there united into half-squadrons and half-batteries.

§ 282. Furthermore, those commands which when united cannot form whole half-squadrons and half-batteries, to avoid the difficulties which would be met trying to unite them at one point from various provinces, keep their organization as commands and set off for the places designated for the half-squadrons and Artillery half-batteries which they must join.

§ 283. In the for provinces which according to table E (148) neither replacement half-battalions, nor half-squadrons, nor Artillery half-batteries are intended, the lower ranks on leave of the entire province, being collected at the Garrison battalion, are to form, depending on their numbers, a company, half-battalion, a whole battalion, or even more. All Officers on extended leave in these provinces join these commands, and the senior from among them in each command assumes charge of it. In case of a shortage of such Officers, the necessary number are additionally designated through orders from the Inspection Department, in conformance with § 266 as related above.

§ 284. From the day they arrive at Garrison battalions, Field and Company-grade Officers and lower ranks on leave are carried on lists as present, and from that time on they receive pay and all allowances due from the treasury exactly as for being on active service. Pay for lower ranks is issued at the same rates which each one last received while in service.

§ 285. In order to provide a sufficient first issue of uniforms and weapons to the personnel joining replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, there are established at the locations shown by the accompanying table G special reserves of uniforms, accouterments, and arms: enough for 500 men for each half-battalion, 100 men for each half-squadron, and for each half-battery: 150 men for Foot and 120 for Horse.

§ 286. At the places designated by table G for arms stores for replacement forces there are also kept the flags [znamena] left by the disbanded sixth reserve battalions. These flags are issued to the replacement half-battalions when they arrive at their collection points to receive weapons, and when replacement half-battalions are disbanded, they are put back in these same arsenals.

§ 287. Apart from the mentioned stores of clothing and weapons, there are also established special identical reserves for the lower ranks from border Provinces who are sent directly to the forces of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, and 6th Infantry Corps. These reserve stores are established in the region where the forces are located, at the locations shown by the accompanying chart H: enough for 200 men for each foot regiment, 80 men for each Cavalry regiment, and 40 men for each Artillery brigade, i.e. for the numbers of personnel which in accordance § 243 of this Regulation are not maintained in each Foot and Cavalry regiment and reserve battery of the mentioned five Corps.

§ 288. The Commissariat and Artillery stores mentioned in the preceding §§ 285 and 287 must include the full quantity of all uniforms, accouterments, and weapons necessary to completely cloth and arm lower ranks according to their arm of service.

Note. Replacement half-squadrons and horse half-batteries are formed as dismounted, and accordingly only personal equipment for the men is kept at the stores locations.

§ 289. The Commissariat and Artillery Departments [Kommisariatskii i Artilleriiskii Departamenty] ensure that all these reserve stores are always available; and so that clothing and accouterment items may not become damaged, the Commissariat renew them by issuing them to the forces and at the same time replacing them with others.

§ 290. As soon as the Commissariat and Artillery Departments receive from the Inspection Department (in accordance with § 263) the HIGHEST ukase calling up lower ranks on leave into service, at this same time they arrange for the issue of uniforms, accouterments, and weapons from the stores shown in tables G and H, for the active forces indicated in chart E as well as for replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons and Artillery half-batteries.

§ 291. All items and weapons for the active forces are issued directly to the forces, while that required by replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries is delivered to the collection points shown in table G.

§ 292. Items and weapons for active forces are issued in their full quantity, i.e. for the entire number of privates by which these forces are reduced from their current authorized strength in accordance with § 243 of this Regulation. And, if the number of lower ranks on leave joining these forces exceed this number, then they receive clothing and arms from that left in the regiments as surplus due to the reduced manning.

§ 293. In so far as the number of personnel in replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons and Artillery half-batteries cannot be equal, but rather is dependent on the number of lower ranks on leave, the provision of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons and Artillery half-batteries with items and weapons is done in accordance with the number of lower ranks actually in them. And since one and the same storage sites supply many half-battalions, half-squadrons and Artillery half-batteries, the excess issue of items and weapons for some half-battalions, half-squadrons and half-batteries is used to satisfy the shortfalls for others.

§ 294. Accordingly, when Commanders of Garrison battalions receive the HIGHEST ukase (in accordance with § 270), to save time they directly notify Commissariat Commissions [Kommisariatskiya Kommisii], Commissariats [Kommisionerstva], and Artillery Offices [Artilleriiskiya vedomstvo], as indicated by table G, regarding the number of lower ranks in replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries for which items and weapons are required to be issued, at the same time reporting this to the Commissariat and Artillery Departments.

§ 295. The provision of uniforms and accouterments to collection points in accordance with table G, and to the forces in accordance with table E, is done under the direction of the Commissariat Department, using standard carts [podvody] or, provisionally, troikas [troiki] according to instructions from the Minister of War, dependent on the time and urgency with which replacement forces must be formed.

§ 296. As uniforms, accouterments, and weapons for replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries arrive at collection points, they are turned over to the Commanders of the Internal Garrison battalions of those towns where these collection points have been established.

§ 297. In those provincial towns where the muster of lower ranks on leave for assignment to replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries is not separate from the stores of clothing, accouterments, and arms, or from the distribution points for these, Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions, when they receive these items and weapons, divide them according to the replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries and, obtaining receipts, issue them to the Commanders of these units in the quantities appropriate to each one’s number of lower ranks on leave.

§ 298. When they have received items and weapons, Commanders of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries immediately set themselves to uniforming the units entrusted to them, working with the support of Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions.

§ 299. The outfitting of uniforms is done by the lower ranks themselves in the replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, and for their part battalions of the Internal Guard provide appropriate support in this regard.

§ 300. To receive clothing and weapons, lower ranks on leave who are formed into replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, in accordance with §§ 277 and 278, in provincial towns where points for storing accouterments and weapons have not been established, are sent to locations shown in table G, under the command of such Field and Company-grade Officers as will be assigned over them.

§ 301. When they arrive at collection points, Commanders of half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries also receive from Commanders of Garrison battalions all required items and weapons, and at the same time, with their support and working in concert, they set about uniforming and arming their half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries following the principles related in § 299.

§ 302. Commanders of Garrison battalions and Commanders of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries who in this manner are charged with forming replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries and providing them with all clothing and arms, are to be responsible for ensuring that all this is done successfully and correctly, and that the half-battalions, half-squadrons, and half-batteries are in every regard organized appropriately.

§ 303. On their part, Brigade Commanders of replacement brigades are always tireless in watching over the successful and correct formation of the replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries of the brigades entrusted to them, and report the formation of each unit to the Regional General of the Internal Guard. For those half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries which have not yet had Brigade Commanders designated, such reports are jointly made by Commanders of Garrison battalions and Commanders of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries.

§ 304. As each replacement half-battalion, half-squadron, and Artillery half-battery is organized, Regional Generals of the Internal Guard inspect them and report to the Inspection Department regarding their condition.

§ 305. When replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries are fully ready to march out, they are sent to the locations designated for their quartering and deployment.

§ 306. Each replacement half-battalion, half-squadron, and Artillery half-battery moves under the leadership of the Field and Company-grade Officers designated to command them.

§ 307. These Field and Company-grade Officers, besides the billets belonging to lower ranks on leave which they received from Commanders of Garrison battalions in accordance with § 279, also prepare their outfitting lists [armaturnye spiski], jointly signed with the Commanders of the Garrison battalions, and receive from them attestations [atestaty] of the final settlement of all lower ranks’ pay and provisions.

§ 308. Replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries en route along the same highway are, for general command and control, placed by the Inspection Department under Brigade Commanders of replacement brigades and special Field-grade Officers, in case there are not enough Brigade Commanders.

§ 309. For the movement of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries to their deployment locations, Commanders of Garrison battalions are provided ahead of time with march routes from the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War.

§ 310. The Inspection Department also provides copies of these march routes to the Provisions Department of the Ministry of War and to the Army’s Intendance, so that on their part they can take the appropriate measures to provide half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries with supplies during their march.

§ 311. For any men who may fall sick while en route, local carts are levied with compensation, based on the Committee of Ministers’ Regulation [Polozheniya Komiteta Gg. Ministrov] confirmed by Highest Authority on 15 March (25 June) 1824 (29968).

§ 312. These carts are requisitioned based on providing eight for each half-battalion, two for each half-squadron, and three for each Artillery half-battery.

Note. No special train [oboz] is planned for replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, since it is supposed that these would be temporarily formed and, once these have arrived at their designated quarters, they would not make any more moves.

§ 313. For the preparation of local carts in accordance with the mentioned numbers, and in general for the unhindered march of half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, Regional Generals of the Internal Guard notify ahead of time the Civil Governors of those Provinces through which half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries will be passing.

§ 314. Once replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries have left provincial towns, responsibilities of Commanders of Garrison battalions for them are ended. On the lists in their possession they note exactly when the lower ranks were sent out, and finally they are only to oversee the dispatch from the Province of those lower ranks who for various reasons remained at their residences.

§ 315. Commanders of Garrison battalions, under their joint signature with Commanders of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, report to Regional Generals of the Internal Guard and, to save time, directly to the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War, regarding the time replacement half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries were sent out from provincial towns, submitting lists of the Officers and registers of the lower ranks who had become part of each half-battalion, half-squadron, and half-battery, using forms No. 28 and 29.

§ 316. Lower ranks on leave who because of sickness or for other reasons are not sent out with other lower ranks are assigned to Garrison battalions. And as soon as 20 or more men are collected, then Commanders of Garrison battalions send them to their replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries in special commands utilizing the Internal Guard, and report on this to Regional Generals and the Inspection Department.

§ 317. Regional Generals of the Internal Guard strictly observe that Commanders of Garrison battalions without fail exactly carry out all the rules explained above relating to their responsibilities, and pay special attention to the successful mustering of lower ranks as well as to the correct formation of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries and their outfitting with uniforms and weapons.

§ 318. In this manner overseeing all the actions of battalion Commanders, Regional Generals are personally responsible for not allowing any irregularity or deficiency, and no half-battalion, half-squadron, and Artillery half-battery is sent out from its collection point to the location of its permanent quarters except after a personal inspection by the Regional General, as related in this regard in § 304.

§ 319. All the rules laid out above regarding the sending out of lower ranks from province as part of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries are also observed when sending such lower ranks from the Western Provinces directly to the forces of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, and 6th Infantry Corps, with the only difference being that these lower ranks are supplied with uniforms and arms only when they arrive at the forces to which they are being sent, according to directions from the Commissariat and Artillery Departments and from the stores shown in table H, as related in §§ 290 and 292.

§ 320. If for whatever special circumstances may demand it, there is also a call-up of lower ranks in the provinces where according to table F they are assigned to local forces and garrisons, then civil and military authorities, during the mustering into service of these lower ranks and their being conveyed to the forces, also act in exact accordance with the rules set forth above. In regard to clothing and arming the indicated lower ranks, though, special instructions will be draw up at that time.

§ 321. During such a call-up of lower ranks on leave who are designated to be part of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries or to be sent directly to the forces, those lower ranks who served in the Guards forces are not to be called up without a special HIGHEST order. If, however, it is ordered to also call up these lower ranks, then along with this it will be stated in what manner it will be done and where they are to go to enter service (§172).

 

Sect. II.—  JOINING REPLACEMENT HALF-BATTALIONS, HALF-SQUADRONS, AND ARTILLERY HALF-BATTERIES INTO THE WHOLE REPLACEMENT FORCE, MANNING THEM, AND GENERAL ORGANIZATION.

§ 322. The forming of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries into a replacement force and their deployment itself have a dual goal: a) The occupation of places after the active and reserve forces have marched out; and b) Augmenting means for forming Reserves.

§ 323. In so far as replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries constitute a special replacement force during wartime, they are deployed separately from active and reserve forces, but in a line contiguous with the latter.

§ 324. During wartime, reserve divisions [rezervnyya divizii], having left the locations of their peacetime quarters, are positioned in accordance with a special wartime deployment plan. Reserves of the 1st and 2nd Reserve Cavalry Corps [1-i i 2-i Rezervnye Kavaleriiskie Korpusa] remain in their settlement regions, and with them, outside the regions, are deployed the reserve squadrons of the light Cavalry divisions as well as of the 3rd Reserve Cavalry Corps. Reserve Artillery is deployed together with the Reserve Infantry according to the special deployment plan.

§ 325. In accordance with this deployment of the Reserves to their quarters, replacement half-battalions in wartime occupy those same places which in peacetime had been billets for the reserve Infantry; replacement half-squadrons of the 1st and 2nd Reserve Cavalry Corps deploy in the military settlement regions of these two Corps; and replacement half-squadrons of the rest of the Cavalry and replacement Artillery half-batteries are variously located according to a specially drawn up deployment plan.

§ 326. With the arrival of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries at their designated quarters, they are combined into replacement brigades and divisions and are put under the charge of those particular authorities.

§ 327. Replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries take on the titles of half-battalions, half-squadrons, and half-batteries of those foot and cavalry regiments and Artillery brigades to which, in their entire composition, they belong, as shown by the above-mentioned tables A, B, C, and D.

§ 328. The replacement half-battalions or half-squadrons of an entire division comprise the replacement brigade of that division to which they are assigned; and the replacement brigades of an entire Corps—the replacement division of their Corps.

§ 329. In the same way the replacement Artillery half-batteries of an entire Artillery division comprise the replacement Artillery brigade of that division to which it belongs.

§ 330. In their entirety there will be in the effectives of the replacement forces: Infantry: Replacement divisions, according to the number of Infantry Corps—6; replacement brigades, according to the number of Infantry divisions—18; replacement half-battalions, according to the number of foot regiments—72. Cavalry: Replacement brigades, according to the number of Cavalry divisions—13; replacement half-squadrons, according to the number of Cavalry regiments—52. Artillery: Replacement brigades—8.

In the first seven are included the foot and horse half-batteries of the six Infantry Corps and the Independent Grenadier Corps, and in the eighth the Horse-Artillery half-batteries of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Reserve Cavalry (Corps).

Replacement half-batteries. Foot, according to the number of Artillery brigades—21. Horse, according to the number of the Corps to which they are assigned—10.

§ 331. For the command of each replacement brigade, in agreement with what was already said in § 152, there is designated a particular Field-grade Officer holding the title of brigade Commander [Komanduyushchii brigadoyu], and for the command of a replacement division—a General, commanding a division [komanduyushchii divizieyu].

§ 332. Overall authority over all replacement Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery is the responsibility of special Generals who are titled: for Infantry—Chief of Reserve Infantry [Nachalnik zapasnoi Pekhoty]; for Cavalry—Chief of Reserve Cavalry [Nachalnik zapasnoi Kavalerii]; and for Artillery—Chief of Reserve Artillery [Nachalnik zapasnoi Artillerii].

§ 333. The whole force of replacement Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery during wartime all form a special replacement Army [zapasnaya Armiya]. In the same manner the reserve Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery are united into the single overall force of the reserve Army [Armiya rezervnaya].

§ 334. Replacement and reserve forces are divided into two Armies: the replacement and the reserve, with the intent that the first of them, in accordance with its purpose, is in wartime stationed in the permanent quarters left behind by the active and reserve forces and is particularly engaged in training recruits for the reinforcement of the active forces. The latter army, forming the reserves, is able to be brought into active operations.

§ 335. Each of these Armies is given its own chief, with the title of Commander-in-Chief [Glavnokomanduyushchii].

§ 336. The headquarters sections of Commanders of replacement brigades and divisions are prescribed the same number of personnel as laid down for Headquarters of Commanders of reserve brigades and divisions.

§ 337. For the headquarters section of the chief of replacement Infantry the number of personnel prescribed is based on the example of the Inspector of reserve Infantry, and for the headquarters sections of the chief of Cavalry and the chief of Artillery—on the example of the Commander of a reserve division.

§ 338. To control the reserve and replacement Armies, a Main Headquarters [Glavnyi Shtab] is prescribed for each, following the standard regulation for the organization of these Headquarters.

§ 339. Before the arrival of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries at the locations of their deployment quarters, the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War drafts an assessment before hand to be presented to the Minister of War regarding the assignment to the replacement forces of division Commanders and the Chiefs of Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery, and also of Field-grade Officers to command replacement brigades, if this position is not filled in all the brigades.

§ 340. At the same time the Department gives orders for providing the replacement half-battalions with Officers, planning the same number for each of them as a reserve battalion is stipulated to have at cadre strength, which is to say 10 for each one, and transfers Officers of the Internal Guard, if this is recognized as necessary, in conformance with § 266.

Note. The number of Officers in replacement half-squadrons and half-batteries, as defined in § 267, remains unchanged.

§ 341. The replacement forces formed in this manner are without fail brought to the appropriate level of organization in all respects that is demanded for combatant forces. Replacement half-squadrons remain dismounted, and Artillery half-batteries without guns, if there is no special order issued regarding furnishing them with horses and finding guns for them.

§ 342. With this organization, replacement forces fulfill their first intended purpose, i.e. they occupy the quarters left behind by reserve and active forces in wartime and carry out all service responsibilities in their deployment locations.

§ 343. From the time replacement forces are formed, they also provide the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War with the periodic reports established by Part I of the Regulation for reducing paperwork, confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on 15 August, 1833.

§ 344. The service of lower ranks as part of the replacement forces is rated completely equal with service in the active and reserve forces.

§ 345. Accordingly, if any of the lower ranks on leave holding non-commissioned officer rank had not served for the regulation period required for promotion to Officer rank when previously in the active or reserve forces, but completes this period while in the replacement forces, then such men have the full right to be promoted to Officer rank. And in the same manner they acquire the right, for having served the regulation period of time, to receive two-thirds of an Ensign’s or Cornet’s salary.

§ 346. Replacement forces remain at such a level of personnel until they are either disbanded or brought from a cadre level to full strength.

§ 347. In the case that there is an order to bring replacement forces to full strength, replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and half-batteries take on the titles of battalions, squadrons, and batteries, receive recruits, and are manned as follows:

Battalions, 1000 men.
Squadrons, 200 men.
Batteries:  foot ,250 men.
                horse, 220 men.
               

Note. If there is no special order for it, then replacement squadrons and replacement Artillery batteries will remain without horses, with the latter also without guns, and they will be readied only on a dismounted basis.

§ 348. For the timely supply of these recruits with uniforms, accouterments, and arms, there are established special stores at the locations indicated in table I:

For each battalion, enough for 500 men.
For each squadron, enough for 100 men.
For each battery, enough for 100 men.

§ 349. These stores must contain a complete quantity of all weapons, while as regards clothing and accouterments, only that much which is convenient to keep and renew annually by issuing items to troops and replacing them with others. The remaining uniform items are quickly prepared by the Commissariat Department when recruits are assigned to the replacement forces.

§ 350. Apart from the mentioned stores, there are established special reserves of accouterment items and weapons for the reserve forces when they may be brought to full strength during wartime. These reserves are established in the locations shown by the accompanying table J, on the same basis as explained in the preceding § 349, enough for 600 men for each reserve battalion and for reserve horse squadrons—according to the number defined by the Regulation of 21 March 1833 (6065).

Note. A special reserve of accouterments and arms is not prescribed for reserve batteries because for the 40 men by which each is reduced, they receive clothing and weapons when these are first issued to the troops, as related in § 287 of Section I of this Chapter.

§ 351. All the items and arms indicated in §§ 348 and 350 are delivered to the places where replacement and reserve forces are deployed following the same procedure as related above for items and arms delivered to collection points for replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries.

§ 352. But since bringing replacement and reserve forces to their full complement will depend on the number of recruits assigned to them, the issuing of uniforms, accouterments, and arms to these troops is also always commensurate with their effective strength that these forces actually may attain. Along with this, in regard to replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries there is also taken into account the initial issue of items and arms according to § 293 of this Regulation.

§ 353. As recruits arrive for replacement and reserve forces and items and weapons are issued, authorities in the replacement and reserve forces at this same time undertake to train, uniform, and arm them, and in general to organize these troops to their full authorized strength.

§ 354. In the meantime the Inspection Department takes measures to assign the still-needed number of Officers to replacement battalions, squadrons, and batteries, planning that each is to have the same number as prescribed for reserve battalions in wartime and for reserve squadrons and batteries in both peacetime and wartime.

§ 355. When in this way replacement forces have been formed at full strength, they carry out the second purpose for which they were intended, i.e. they train recruits for service and thus increase the capabilities of the reserves to provide men for the active forces to the extent as will be needed.

 

Sect. III.— PROCEDURE FOR DISBANDING REPLACEMENT FORCES, USING THEM TO PROVIDE MEN FOR ACTIVE FORCES, AND THE RELEASE OF LOWER RANKS ON INDEFINITE LEAVE INTO FULL RETIREMENT.

§ 356. The replacement forces mustered together for wartime or for any other reason, as soon as there is no longer a need for them, are to be disbanded following the same procedure as with which they were created, i.e. by a HIGHEST ukase in the Name of His Imperial Majesty through the person of the Minister of War.

§ 357. To appropriately notify the civilian sector, this ukase is publicized through the Ruling Senate, and for the military side, it is distributed by the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War.

§ 358. Consequent to the HIGHEST ukase, those lower ranks in the replacement forces who came in as recruits are turned over to the active forces, while those who had been on indefinite leave are released on this leave as before.

§ 359. Accordingly, all lower ranks in replacement battalions, squadrons, and batteries are divided into two classes: those to be sent to the active forces, and those due for release on indefinite leave. Among these are included those lower ranks who, for serving out a full 25 years, are due for release on full retirement. This retirement is given to them on arrival at provincial towns, as will be related in detail below.

§ 360. Special nominal lists are made in each replacement battalion, squadron, and Artillery battery for all the lower ranks indicated in the preceding § 359, and Commanders of replacement brigades and divisions transmit these: in the infantry—to the Chief of Replacement Infantry; in the Cavalry—to the Chief of Replacement Cavalry; and in the Artillery—to the Chief of Replacement Artillery.

§ 361. The Chiefs of Replacement Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery, upon receiving these lists, make arrangements for sending lower ranks to the active forces and on indefinite leave.

§ 362. Lower ranks destined for the active forces are sent to the same Corps to which their replacement battalions, squadrons, and batteries belong, if no special HIGHEST order assigning them otherwise is given.

§ 363. In regard to sending these lower ranks to the forces, the same rules are exactly followed as are prescribed in Chapter I of this Regulation for personnel transferred from the reserve to the active forces.

§ 364. These lower ranks go to the active forces with all their uniforms and arms, are provided with the documentation named in § 18, and are sent directly to the Corps Headquarters, where according to the decision of Corps Commanders they are distributed to the forces as required by personnel shortages. Having distributed these men, Corps Commanders immediately notify the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War in regard to how many went into service where, while division Commanders are required to provide registers of the clothing and weapons of these lower ranks to the Commissariat and Artillery Departments, as appropriate.

§ 365. Lower ranks due for release on indefinite leave are sent to their previous places of residence, as part of the same half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries to which they are assigned. Along with them also go the retired lower ranks who voluntarily entered service (§ 276).

§ 366. Of the Field and Company-grade Officers assigned as part of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, those who joined them from the Army according to § 354 are designated to escort the lower ranks destined for the active forces and return to their regiments and commands. The rest of the Field and Company-grade Officers (including commanders of half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries) remain with their units and convey they to their original collection points.

§ 367. For those Field and Company-grade Officers who in this situation wish to avail themselves of extended leave, authorities of the replacement forces, on the basis of the military administration order of 28 February, 1834, apply through the command of the Commander-in-Chief of the Replacement Army requesting HIGHEST permission for this. These applications are made ahead of time so that Officers may enjoy their leave upon the discharge of the lower ranks.

§ 368. Lower ranks due for indefinite leave and retirement are sent to those collection points where they initially received their uniforms and weapons. On the billets of these lower ranks is written for how long and since what year, month, and day they were in service with the replacement forces.

Note. These annotations are done by the Commanders of replacement battalions, squadrons, and batteries, and are witnessed by Commanders of brigades and divisions.

§ 369. Once lower ranks on leave are brought to collection points, Commanders of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries turn in their accouter-ments and weapons, using the outfitting lists drawn up when these had been received: either directly to the Commissariat Commission and Commissary [Kommisionerstvo] and the Artillery department, if these are at the same places as the collections points, or to Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions, in places where there are neither Commissariat nor Artillery offices.

§ 370. In the latter case, Commanders of Garrison battalions accept items and weapons following the outfitting lists used when these were issued and then deliver them as previously to the stores of the Commissariat and Artillery departments. This delivery is done after preliminary notification from the Commissariat and Artillery Departments, and follows the procedures which will be prescribed by these Departments.

§ 371. Uniform items which have gone through their last year of their wear-out period, and also yearly items, are left for the lower ranks to use.

§ 372. Lower ranks on leave who are from the provinces where the collection points are located are turned over to the Commanders of the Garrison battalions there; lower ranks of other Provinces, once they have turned in accouterment items and weapons at the collection points, are escorted by Commanders of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries further on to their own Provinces and, once they arrive there, are turned over to Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions, in all respects following § 107.

§ 373. Once lower ranks on leave have been brought to their Provinces and given over to Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions, the responsibility of Field and Company-grade Officers for replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries is ended. Those of them who belong to the Army, Cavalry, and Artillery remain assigned as before to replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, being free from any duties in connection with them; those released on extended leave enjoy this for the set period, while the rest of the Officers, assigned for a time from the forces, are distributed to regiments and commands in accordance with directions from the Inspection Department.

§ 374. Upon the disbandment of replacement forces, the Chiefs of replacement Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery provide the Inspection Department with detailed registers of all lower ranks sent from them to the active forces or onto indefinite leave, using the accompanying forms Nos. 30 and 31, and to the Commissariat and Artillery Departments—full tables of uniforms, accouterments items, and weapons sent to the active forces as well as along with those lower ranks who are released on indefinite leave as before.

§ 375. The registers of lower ranks on leave, indicated in the preceding § 374 and using form No. 30, are sent by the Chiefs of replacement Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery, as appropriate, to Regional Generals of the Internal Guard, and the Regional Generals forward them to their subordinate Commanders of Garrison battalions to let them know exactly how many personnel on leave will arrive back under their administration.

§ 376. Chiefs of replacement Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery also provide the Inspection Department with summary registers, using form No. 32, and for Regional Generals of the Internal Guard—nominal lists, of all lower ranks who were lost in various ways while in the replacement forces, also sending to Regional Generals along with these the leave billets of these lower ranks.

§ 377. Regional Generals provide information on all lost lower ranks to the Commanders of the Garrison battalions under them so that appropriate notations can be made in their lists, and they handle the billets in accordance with § 236 of this Regulation.

§ 378. Following these rules, those lower ranks also return to their previous indefinite leave who, in conformance with table E, entered service with the active forces, not forming individual replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries.

§ 379. Once lower ranks have been sent to the active forces and on indefinite leave, the responsibility of Generals, the Chiefs of replacement Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery, and Commanders of replacement divisions, as well as of Field-grade Officers commanding replacement brigades, is ended as concerns these troops, and they receive individual assignments in accordance with HIGHEST orders. Along with this the personnel and general leadership of the replacement Army are disbanded.

§ 380. With the end of military operations, the Headquarters [Shtab] of the Reserve Army is also disbanded. Reserve Infantry remains as before under the authority of its Inspector, while reserve Cavalry and reserve Artillery are united with their regiments and Artillery brigades.

§ 381. With the final disbanding of replacement forces, the Inspection Department checks the information provided to it regarding the numerical state of these forces and, using this, draws up a detailed register following the enclosed form No. 33, showing: exactly how many and which personnel entered the replacement forces since they were first formed; how many of them were lost and in what ways; and afterwards how many were turned over to the active forces and placed on indefinite leave.

The Inspection Department presents this register to the Minister of War for the information of the HIGHEST SOVEREIGN EMPEROR.

§ 382. The Commissariat and Artillery Departments, after receiving the tables of uniforms, accouterment items, and weapons from the replacement force authorities in accordance with §§ 364 and 374, and from their subordinate Commissariat Commissions and Commissaries and Artillery departments—information about items and arms returned back to stores by lower ranks on leave, concern themselves with filling these stores with those things of which there turns out to be a shortage.

§ 383. With the arrival back in their provinces of lower ranks on leave, Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions separate out those who have already completed the overall term of service and then discharge all the rest to their places of residence, following the same procedure prescribed in Chapter I of this Regulation that provides direction for local military and civil authorities regarding the release of lower ranks on leave.

§ 384. All lower ranks on leave who have finished the overall term of service (counting also service in the replacement forces) are immediately released on full retirement once they arrive in their provinces, based exactly on the rules explained in Section II of Chapter III of this Regulation.

§ 385. Retirement passports are issued to them by the Regional Generals of the Internal Guard in accordance with § 231.

§ 386. Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions note down in the books all lower ranks on leave returning to their provinces, explaining which of them went to their previous place of residence since they had not yet finished the overall 25-year term, and which, having served out this term, were released on full retirement.

§ 387. For all lower ranks returned to their provinces and sent to their places of residence, an also for those released on full retirement, Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions deliver nominal lists to the Inspection Department and Civil Governors, using the accompanying form No. 34.

§ 388. Upon receiving these lists, Civil Governors forward them as appropriate to Town or Rural Police to provide needed information about the lower ranks who received retirement and for watching for the arrival of lower ranks on leave, in accordance with what is prescribed in Section I of Chapter III of this Regulation.

FORMS.

For No. 7374. - 30 August 1834.

Form No. 1.  For § 28.

Register of the number of lower ranks of N N Corps who have served 15 years or more and, based on the Regulation for releasing such lower ranks on indefinite leave, confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on such-and-such date, are sent to the Reserve division of this Corps.

Dated year, month, and day.

For each regiment, the numbers of non-commissioned officers, musicians, privates, and non-combatants are each listed, along with the date the regiment sent these men to reserve brigades.

Note. This same form, in accordance with § 28 of the indicated Regulation, in also used to make registers of lower ranks who, not having served 15 years, will be sent from the reserve to the active forces.

Form No. 2.  For § 71 .

Register of the number of lower ranks of the reserve division of N N Corps who, after serving 20 years or more are permitted to be released on indefinite leave, based on the Regulation confirmed by Highest Authority on such-and-such date.

Dated year, month, and day.

For each reserve battalion (e.g. the Reserve Battalion of the Neva Marines, of the Reserve Brigade of the 1st Infantry Division) the numbers of non-commissioned officers, musicians, privates, and noncombatants are listed by the provinces to which the lower ranks are going on indefinite leave. Also listed for each reserve battalion, by province destination, are the total of non-commissioned officers, musicians, privates, and noncombants. For each province, the total numbers of non-commissioned officers, musicians, privates, and noncombants from the Corps are each listed.

The provinces are: Archangel, Astrakhan, Bessarabia Region, Bialystok Region, Vilna, Vitebsk, Volgoda, Volhynia, Voronezh, Vladimir, Vyatka, Grodno, Yekaterinoslav, Yeniseisk, Irkutsk, Caucasus Region, Kazan, Kaluga, Kiev, Kostroma, Courland, Kursk, Livonia, Minsk, Mogilev, Moscow, Nizhnii-Novgorod, Novgorod, Olonets, Omsk Region, Orenburg, Orel, Penza, Perm, Podolia, Poltava, Pskov, Ryazan, St. Petersburg,  Saratov, Simbirsk, Slobodsko-Ukraine, Smolensk, Taurica, Tambov, Tobolsk, Tomsk, Tver, Tula, Finland, Kherson, Chernigov, Estonia, Yaroslav, Don Cossack Lands.

Form No. 3.  For § 71 .

List of the lower ranks of the reserve division of N N Corps who, based on the Regulation confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on such-and-such date, are due for release on indefinite leave but voluntarily wish to remain on service. Dated year, month, and day.

A sequentially numbered list recording rank, last name, patronymic, first name, years since birth, year-month-day of beginning of service, and previous rate of pay in roubles and kopecks.

Note.This same form is also used to draw up lists of lower ranks who are entitled after 20 years of service to receive the St.-Anne medal, excluding the last column for pay rates.

Form No. 4.  For § 76 .

BILLET.

As an example for this, Ivan Izmailov, son of Petr, is serving in the Reserve battalion of the N N regiment as a private and has:

Medals of the Military Order, No 000, and of St. Anne for 20 years of service, No 00; silver medals: those instituted in memory of the year 1812, for the taking of Paris on 19 March 1814, and for the Turkish War of 1828 and 1829; the Polish medal for military merit; and yellow lace chevrons sewn onto the left sleeve in three rows, for 20 years of faultless service.

He received a salary of so-many roubles and so-many kopecks a year.

It is now 49 years since the year of his birth; of Greco-Russian faith; particulars: height 2 arshins and 7 vershkas, clean face, straight nose, black hair on the head and brows.

His wife is Aleksandra Fedorova Izmailova; he has children born during service: Petr age 12, and Feodor age 10, who are still with him.

For 20 years of faultless service, Private Izmailov, based on the Regulation confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on such-and-such date, is now released on indefinite leave to his native Moscow Province, in the Bronnitsy District, the village of Roshkino, with the stipulation that until the end of a 25-year period, he is to present himself for service at the first call-up.

While on leave he may engage in any kind of craft or take any employment or position, just as other inhabitants. He is obliged to conduct himself honorably and respectably, dress appropriately, shave his beard, not indulge in drunkenness, refrain from all unlawful offenses, be subordinate to local authorities, and not commit any insults or assaults against anyone, being subject in the contrary case to legal punishment and permanent return to active service.

Likewise, out of respect for his faultless service, in case of need this same Izmailov is to be rendered all help in his just requirements and also the honor due to a veteran soldier. If anyone wrongs him in any way or oppresses him, then he is to bring a complaint to the civil authority if in town and to the rural authority if out in a district, these being obliged to provide him with due protection and satisfaction according to the laws.

Private Izmailov, once he arrives in his native province, must present this billet to the town Police if in a town, or to the rural Police if out in a district.

If Private Izmailov is called into service by the Government before the end of his 25-year term of service, he is then obliged to immediately appear as demanded before the Commander of the Line or Internal Garrison battalion of the province in which he resides.

If during this indicated period Private Izmailov is not summoned into service, or even if he does enter service, but in peacetime, then at the end of his 25-year term, namely (such-and-such month and day), he will receive retirement and be provided with the appropriate passport from the Internal Guard Regional General of that region under whose administration he would be.

Having entered service during wartime, Izmailov would receive retirement at the end of the war, once having received HIGHEST permission, and also be provided with a passport from the Internal Guard Authorities.

In case of the death of Private Izmailov, his relatives or the local Authorities will send this billet to the town or rural Police for forwarding to the Commander of the Garrison battalion of that province where was living.

Given in such-and-such place; year, month, and day.

Signature of the Battalion Commander.

Witnessed by the Commander of the Reserve Brigade.

Form No 5. For § 76.

ATTESTATION.

In accordance with HIS IMPERIAL MAJESTY'S ukase, this is given from the reserve battalion of the NN regiment to Non-commisioned Officer (or Private) such-and-such, released on indefinite leave, affirming that the pension pay from HIS IMPERIAL MAJESTY, received as the holder of the medal of the Military Order of St. George, No. 606, based on one third of a non-commissioned officer's (or private's) annual pay in Army regiment, or exactly (so many roubles, so many kopecks), is settled by this battalion in this year of one thousand eight hundred thirty-four, the 1st day of September. By command it has been submitted that this pension be allocated to him from the N N Treasury of N N province. Headquarters at the town of N N. This same day of September, 1834.

Signature of the Battalion Com-mander.

Witnessed by the Commander of the Reserve Brigade.

(Place for seal)

Form No 6. For § 80.

List of lower ranks of the N N Division or such-and-such reserve brigade who, based on the Regulation confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on such-and-such date, for 20 years of faultless service are released on indefinite leave to such-and-such Province.

Dated year, month, and day.

A sequentially numbered list showing: each lower rank man's exact regiment or command; last name, patronymic, and first name; years since birth; exact place of entry into service; when received into service (year, month, day); when provided with a billet for residence (year, month, day), and the No. thereof; intended place of residence, as indicated by  the lower rank; bachelor or married; if there are cantonist sons, and then how old and to which battalion, half-battalion, or company of military cantonists they are assigned; Notes (here are noted all changes for lower ranks that may occur while enroute, such as: being left in hospitals or sick wards, with a voucher from the hospital or sick ward Supervisor; desertion by lower ranks, and so on. As personnel on leave arrive in their Provinces, Garrison battalion Commanders register their arrival on these same lists.).

Form No 7. For § 111.

Alphabetical list of lower ranks under the administration of the Commander of such-and-such Garrison battalion who, based on the Regulation confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on such-and-such date, are released on indefinite leave to N N Province.

Dated year, month, and day.

A list of lower ranks in alphabetical order, showing: first and last name; released from which regiment or command; when arrived in the province; went to what city or district and village to take up residence; entered under what number in general lists.

Form No 8. For § 115.

List of Field and Company-grade Officers released on extended leave from such-and-such Corps or reserve division , based on the Regulation confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on such-and-such date.

Dated year, month, and day.

A sequentially numbered list showing for each officer: of what regiment or command, and exactly who; when released on leave and for what period; where he will stay; when the period of leave ends.

Form No 9. For § 115.

List of lower ranks of the N N Corps or reserve division who, for serving 20 years without reproach, are released on indefinite leave based on the Regulation confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on such-and-such date.

Dated year, month, and day.

A sequentially numbered list showing for each lower rank man: exact division, regiment, and command; last name, patronymic, and first name;  years since birth; exactly where entered service; when received into service (year, month, day); when provided with a billet for residence and under what number (year, month, day); where the lower rank indicated he will reside; bachelor or married, and if he has cantonist sons, then how old and to what battalions, half-battalions, or companies of military cantonists they are assigned; when the lower rank is being sent on indefinite leave and under whose command (year, month, day).

Form No 10. For § 115.

List of lower ranks of the N N Corps, released on indefinite leave based on the Regulation confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on such-and-such date, who hold the medal of the Military Order and thus have the right to a pension.

Dated year, month, and day.

A tabular list containing: last name, patronymic, and first name; serial number of medal of the Military Order; amount of pension and up to what time this has been settled; when issued with attestation and under what number; where it is desired to receive the granted pension.

Form No 11. For § 116.

Register of Infantry lower ranks released on indefinite leave based on the Regulation confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on such-an-such date.

Dated year, month, and day.

A table listing for each province:  1) the number of men who, in accordance with the Regulation confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on 15 August 1834 and the Military Department’s order of 28 February 1834, were released; 2) of the previous number, how many by 1 September 1834 were lost from various causes;  3) the number then consequently remaining by 1 September 1834; 4) the same as 3, but broken down by non-commissioned officers, musicians, privates, and noncombatants; 5) the number of men released, based on the general Regulation for releasing lower ranks on indefinite leave, confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on such-and-such date, broken down by non-commissioned officers, musicians, privates, and noncombatants; 6) a subtotal summing the numbers in 5; 7) a total of 3 and 6; 8) of the number in 7, the number that were lost by various causes in September, broken down by non-commissioned officers, musicians, privates, and noncombatants; 9) the total number remaining by 1 October; 10) the number of men released [in September] on retirement for years of service, broken down by non-commissioned officers, musicians, privates, and noncombatants. This tabulation continues in this fashion for succeeding months.

Note. This same form is used to draw up registers especially for Cavalry and especially for Artillery.

The individual provinces are: Archangel, Astrakhan, Bessarabia Region, Bialystok Region, Vilna, Vitebsk, Volgoda, Volhynia, Voronezh, Vladimir, Vyatka, Grodno, Yekaterinoslav, Yeniseisk, Irkutsk, Caucasus Region, Kazan, Kaluga, Kiev, Kostroma, Courland, Kursk, Livonia, Minsk, Mogilev, Moscow, Nizhnii-Novgorod, Novgorod, Olonets, Omsk Region, Orenburg, Orel, Penza, Perm, Podolia, Poltava, Pskov, Ryazan, St. Petersburg,  Saratov, Simbirsk, Slobodsko-Ukraine, Smolensk, Taurica, Tambov, Tobolsk, Tomsk, Tver, Tula, Finland, Kherson, Chernigov, Estonia, Yaroslav, Don Cossack Lands.

Form No 12. For § 123.

Book of such-and-such Town or Rural Police, listing lower ranks released on indefinite leave based on the Regulation confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on such-and-such date, who arrived to live in such-and-such province in such-and-such town or district.

A sequentially numbered tabular list containing: rank, family name, patronymic, and given name; years since birth; where entered service; from what regiment or command released on indefinite leave; bachelor or married, and if there are cantonist sons, then how old and to what battalion, half-battalion, or company of military cantonists they are assigned; year, month, and day that a residence billet was issued, and under what number; when appeared before Town or Rural Police and presented billet; exactly where was chosen for a place of residence; what means of making of living, i.e. any position taken up, engaged in any craft, etc; Notes (here are noted all changes that may occur for each lower rank, such as: moving to another province or district, absence, call-up into service, release to retirement, and death).

Form No 13. For § 155.

List of Field-grade Officers in the Army, Cavalry, and Artillery, designated as Brigade Commanders of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries.

Dated year, month, and day.

A sequentially numbered tabular list containing: rank, first name, patronymic, and family name; place of duty with the Army, Cavalry, or Artilley before being reassigned; when designated Commander of reserve brigade, and of which one; whether receiving sustinence funds and in what amount; where maintaining residence; Notes (here are noted moves of Field-grade Officers, if any, time of entering active service with replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, return from the replacement forces, and release from service).

Note. This same form is also used in Garrison battalions for all Field and Company-grade Officers of the Army, Cavalry, and Artillery who are designated as Commanders of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, and for all Officers assigned to these units.

Form No 14. For § 160.

List of Field and Company-grade Officers released on extended leave, arriving at such-and-such province.

Dated year, month, and day.

A sequentially numbered tabular list containing: rank, name, patronymic, and family name; what regiment or command assigned to for service; when released on leave and for what period; when issued with billet, from whom, and under what No.; when these billets were delivered to Commanders of Internal Garrison battalions; where exactly will residence be maintained; assigned to which exact replacement half-battalion, half-squadron, or half-battery while on leave; Notes (here are noted: when Officers go back to their regiments or commands, and if while on leave they are called to service as part of the replacement forces, then when they present themselves for that).

Form No 15. For § 176.

N N Garrison battalion’s list of lower ranks released on indefinite leave to such-and-such province based on the Regulation confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on such-and-such date, and assigned to such-and-such replacement half-battalion.

Dated year, month, and day.

A sequentially numbered tabular list of: rank, last name, patronymic, and given name; years from birth; where entered service and exactly when; from what regiment or command released on indefinite leave; what pay rate received while in service and what pension is being issued, if someone is entitled to one; bachelor or married, and if there are cantonist sons, then exactly of what age and to what battalion, half-battalion, or company of military cantonists they are assigned; residency billets issued in what year, month, and day, and under what No.; what exact place chosen for residence; manner of making a living, i.e. has taking up a position, engaged in some craft, etc.; when ends the overall term of service: 22 years for the Guards and 25 for the Army; Notes (here are noted all changes which may later occur with lower ranks, such as: their moving to another province or district, absence, call-up into service, release to retirement, and their deaths).

Note. This same form is used to draw up lists especially for replacement half-squadrons or replacement Artillery half-batteries.

Form No 16. For § 206.

List of lower ranks on leave who arrived at such-and-such province, with a note on the exact manner by which they are maintaining themselves.

Dated year, month, and day.

A sequentially numbered list containing: from what exact regiments or commands lower ranks are released; name, patronymic, and first name; where they stayed to live; in what manner do they make a living (i.e. has taken up a government or private position, and exactly what; engaged in farming, raising livestock, crafts, or any kind of trade, and exactly what?).

Form No 17. For § 215.

Report of the Commander of the N N Internal Garrison Battalion on the numerical status of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries of such-and-such province. For such-and-such month.

Dated year, month, and day.

A tabulated monthly report showing the numbers of Field-grade Officers, Company-grade Officers, Non-commissioned officers, Musicians, Privates, and Noncombatants in each of the replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries (e.g. Replacement half-battalion No. 13, Replacement half-battalion No. 14, Replacement half-squadron No. 6, Replacement half squadron No. 7, and Replacement half-battery No. 2). These numbers are shown for the first of the month (e.g. 1 July 1834), the gains and losses in the course of the month (e.g. July), and for the first of the following month (e.g. 1 August). Each personnel category for the first of the month, gains and losses in the course of the month, and the first of the following month is totaled across all replacement units in the province

Notes. 1) Under the number of Field and Company-grade Officers are included those belonging to the Army, Cavalry, and Artillery and assigned to replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, as well as those on extended leave; each monthly report is accompanied by a nominal list of these officers.

2) All gains and losses in Officers and lower ranks that may occur during the course of a month are noted in the columns, with detailed explanations: exactly who, from where they arrived, or who was lost by what cause; if such pernonnel are numerous, there will be enclosed a special list for them.

Form No 18. For § 216.

Report of the Regional General of the N N Region of the Separate Corps of the Internal Guard on the numerical status of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries of such-and-such province.

Dated year, month, and day.

A tabulated monthly report showing the numbers of Field-grade Officers, Company-grade Officers, Non-commissioned officers, Musicians, Privates, and Noncombatants in each of the replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries (e.g. Novgorod Province: Replacement half-battalion No. 3, Replacement half-squadron No. 1, and Replacement half-battery No. 1). These numbers are shown for the first of the month (e.g. 1 July 1834), the gains and losses in the course of the month (e.g. July), and for the first of the following month (e.g. 1 August). Each personnel category for the first of the month, gains and losses in the course of the month, and the first of the following month is totaled across all replacement units in the province

Notes:

1) Under the number of Field and Company-grade Officers are included those belonging to the Army, Cavalry, and Artillery and assigned to replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, as well as those on extended leave; each monthly report is accompanied by a nominal list of these officers.

2) For all gains and losses in Officers and lower ranks that may occur during the course of a month there will be enclosed a special list , with detailed explanations: exactly who, from where they arrived, and who was lost by what cause.

Form No 19. For § 230.

List of the lower ranks on leave of such-and-such province who are due for release on full retirement after serving without reproach for the stipulated period: 22 years in the Guards and 25 in the Army.

Dated year, month, and day.

A tabular list with columns for: No. of the Recruit Office; No. in sequence; rank, last name and first name, and holding what medals (*); years from birth; status when entered into service; when entered service (year, month, day); where performed last service and when released on indefinite leave; where maintaining current residence.

(*) Note. In this column are written lower ranks beginning with those enrolled in half-battalions, with exactly which one being indicated, then those in half-squadrons, and finally those in Artillery half-batteries.

Form No 20. For § 231.

BY AN UKASE OF HIS SOVEREIGN MAJESTY
THE EMPEROR NICHOLAS PAVLOVICH,
ALL-RUSSIAN AUTOCRAT,
ETC., ETC., AND ETC.

As an example, Ivan Izmailov, son of Petr, has served in reserve battalion of the N N Regiment as a private, and has:

Medals of the Military Order, No. 00, and of St. Anne for 20 years of service, No. 00; silver medals: those instituted in memory of the year 1812, for the taking of Paris on 19 March, 1814, and for the Turkish War of 1828 and 1829; the Polish medal for military merit.(*) On the left sleeve he has sewn three rows of yellow lace for 20 years of faultless service.(**)

It is now 49 years since the year of his birth; of Greco-Russian faith; particulars: height 2 arshins and 7 vershkas, clean face, straight nose, black hair on the head and brows.

As can be seen on his personal record sheet, he entered service from Moscow Province, Bronnitsy District, village of Roshkino; parents were state peasants; firstly in the Sevsk Infantry Regiment from 20 November, 1810; from there transferred to such-and-such Regiment on 14 October, 1817, and from this regiment he was released on such-and-such date on indefinite leave.

He was in campaigns (copy campaigns from the personal record sheet, word for word).

He has a wife whose name is Aleksandra Fedorova Izmailova; he has children born during service:

      Petr, age 16, and Feodor, age 17, who are in such-and-such battalion or half-battalion of military cantonists.

      Nikolai, age 3, whom Izmailov is taking with himself at his own expense until he is 18 years old, and a daughter Varvara, who is staying with him.

Now, based on the Regulation confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on such-and-such date regarding the release of lower ranks on indefinite leave, and since he has served out the stipulated 25-year term, Private Izmailov is now retired from service and sent, in accordance with his wishes, to make his own living wherever he so desires, to any town, district, or his native hamlet with his relatives.

While on living in his native province, or wherever he may choose, he may engage in any kind of craft according to his personal choice, just as other inhabitants. He is obliged to conduct himself honorably and respectably, dress appropriately, shave his beard, not indulge in drunkenness, refrain from all unlawful offenses, be subordinate to civil and local authorities, and not commit any insults or assaults against anyone, under the threat of punishment under the force of Government laws.

Likewise, out of respect for his faultless service and respectable life in retirement, in case of need this same Izmailov is to be rendered all help in his just requirements and also the honor due to a veteran soldier. If anyone wrongs him in any way or oppresses him, then he is to bring a complaint to the civil authority if in town and to the rural authority if out in a district, these being obliged to provide him with due protection and satisfaction according to the laws.

Private Izmailov, in the place he elects to take up residence, must present this passport to the town Police if in a town, or to the rural Police if out in a district.

If Private Izmailov has male children born to him while in retirement and he does not have a permanent household in a state village or on allotted state lands, then all these children, as well as his son Nikolai whom he took with him to raise after he was born during service, are not to be entered in any census revision [reviziya], nor entered into the poll tax, nor under any circumstances to take up state service or other official posts, all this being under the threat of the unavoidable retaliation of the law. But when they reach legal age, based on the HIGHEST Ukase issued on 6 December 1828 in the name of the Director of the Main Staff of HIS IMPERIAL MAJESTY for military settlement, Izmailov is obligated to present them to the nearest battalion or half-battalion of military cantonists without any attempt at concealment, without delay at the end of the stipulated number of years. Local authorities are also charged with watching over this.

If on the other hand Izmailov settles down during his retirement in a state village somewhere or on an allotment of state land, in such a case that village in which he is settled must, with the consent of its leaders, enroll this Izmailov in its holdings [volost'], as authorized by a Government Council recommendation confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on 15 June 1816, and count him exactly as a state peasant, also entering his family, as much as it may increase during his retirement, in the first subsequent inspection report, observing that as a retired soldier, Izmailov is in the inspection returns only for counting purposes and not for paying tax, while his children who may be born during retirement will be enrolled in the poll tax. As for his son Nikolai, born during service and still with him, he is not entered in census revisions but, when he reaches eighteen years of age, he must present himself to the nearest battalion or half-battalion of military cantonists, as related above.

Upon the death of Private Izmailov, his relatives or the local authorities are to give this passport to the Provincial Administration there for forwarding to the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War.

Given in such-and-such place; year, month, and day.

Signature and title of the Regional General of the Internal Guard.

Note 1. This same form is used to issue passports to those lower ranks who entered service from a tax-paying status, such as: peasants, lower middle class [meshchane], single homesteaders [odnodvortsy], cossacks, emancipated serfs [volnootpushchennye] and similar persons, and the children of soldiers and minor officials [podyachie].

Note 2. This same form is used to issue passports to all those lower ranks who entered service as landowners' serfs and manor servants [dvorovye lyudi]; but in the part about being released to retirement, after the words 'sent, in accordance with his wishes, to make his own living wherever he so desires, to any town, district, or his native hamlet with his relatives,' add: 'with the permission of the landowner, based on the HIGHEST Ukase in the TSAR 'S NAME, given to the Ruling Senate on 6 December, 1828.'

(*) Medals need only be mentioned when the retired person has some.

(**) If a retired person had been issued with a pension while in service for having received a medal, or has one due to him for having been disabled in action with the enemy, then this is explained, one as well as the other, indicating: exactly for what and in what amount the pension has been fixed, and for what period of time, and that he has been issued with an attestation under No. 000. The pension sum is to be written out in words and not numerals.

Form No 21. For § 238.

List of the lower ranks on leave in such-and-such province who, based on the Regulation confirmed by HIGHEST Authority on such-and-such date,are released on full retirement after serving without reproach for the stipulated period: 22 years in the Guards and 25 in the Army.

Dated year, month, and day.

A tabular list with columns for: No. of the Recruit Office; No. in sequence; rank, last name and first name, and holding what medals (*); years from birth; status when entered into service; when entered service (year, month, day); where performed last service and when released on indefinite leave; where residence will be located, as indicated by the lower ranks; when and under what No. retirement passports were provided.

(*) Note. In this column are written lower ranks by provinces, and for each province show those who were serving in replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries individually, as indicated in Form No. 18.

Form No 22. For § 239.

Register of Infantry lower ranks released from the forces on indefinite leave in such-an-such year.

Dated year, month, and day.

A table in which is recorded the numbers of  lower ranks in each province, broken down by 1) reserve brigade, 2) total of the three reserve brigades in a reserve division, 3) grand total for all reserve divisions. For example:

Reserve division of the 1st Infantry Corps.
      Reserve brigades of :
              1st Infantry Division............        (numbers for each province)
              2nd Infantry Division..........         (numbers for each province)
              3rd Infantry Division..........         (numbers for each province)
                                                                               (total)

Each reserve brigade also has its lower ranks totaled across all provinces.

At the end of this table, the grand total (3) is broken down for each province into numbers of Non-commissioned officers, Musicians, Privates, and Noncombatants. These numbers of different ranks are then each totalled across all provinces.

The provinces on the table are: Archangel, Astrakhan, Bessarabia Region, Bialystok Region, Vilna, Vitebsk, Volgoda, Volhynia, Voronezh, Vladimir, Vyatka, Grodno, Yekaterinoslav, Yeniseisk, Irkutsk, Caucasus Region, Kazan, Kaluga, Kiev, Kostroma, Courland, Kursk, Livonia, Minsk, Mogilev, Moscow, Nizhnii-Novgorod, Novgorod, Olonets, Omsk Region, Orenburg, Orel, Penza, Perm, Podolia, Poltava, Pskov, Ryazan, St. Petersburg,  Saratov, Simbirsk, Slobodsko-Ukraine, Smolensk, Taurica, Tambov, Tobolsk, Tomsk, Tver, Tula, Finland, Kherson, Chernigov, Estonia, Yaroslav, Don Cossack Lands.

Form No 23. For § 239.

Register of the number of lower ranks on indefinite leave who are released to full retirement. In such-and-such year.

Dated year, month, and day.

A table, by province, of the numbers of Non-commissioned Officers, Musicians, Privates, and Noncombatants, and the total of these four ranks, assigned to each kind of unit (replacement half-battalions; replacement half-squadrons; replacement half-batteries;1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, and 6th Inf. Corps; local forces and garrisons). For each province, the total numbers of the four ranks are separately summed across all the types of units. Lastly, a total is given for all men in all units in a particular province.

Form No 24. For § 239.

Register of the numerical status of lower ranks on leave in replacement half-battalions, by provinces.

Dated year, month, and day.

For each numbered replacement battalion, the province is identified for which the inhabitants are part of the replacement half-battalion.  Also given for each replacement battalion are the numbers of Non-commissioned Officers, Musicians, Privates, and Noncombatants in it, followed by a total of these four ranks.

For example:

Replacement battalion 1 - St. Petersburg Province - (numbers of NCOs, musicians, etc.)
Replacement battalion 2 - Pskov Province - (numbers of NCOs, musicians, etc.)
Replacement battalion 3 - Novgorod Province - (numbers of NCOs, musicians, etc.)

Note. This same form is used to draw up registers, by Provinces, of lower ranks on leave who are part of replacement half-squadrons and Artillery half-batteries, as well as of personnel assigned to the forces of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, and 6th Infantry Corps, local forces, and garrisons.

Form No 25. For § 261.

List of lower ranks on leave of such-and-such town, or district, who, based on a HIGHEST Ukase issued at such-and-such time, were called into service and sent to such-and-such town to the Commander of the Internal Garrison battalion there.

Dated year, month, and day.

A sequentially numbered listing of lower ranks giving: rank, last name, patronymic, and first name; from where released on indefinite leave; year, month, day, and No. of leave billet; exact place of residence; when call-up to service was announced and when the man must appear in the provincial capital.

Form No 26. For § 261.

List of lower ranks on leave of such-and-such town or district who, upon being called up into service based on a HIGHEST Ukase issued at such-and-such time, for various reasons did not appear.

Dated year, month, and day.

A sequentially numbered listing of lower ranks giving: rank, last name, patronymic, and first name; from where released on indefinite leave; year, month, day, and No. of leave billet; exact place of residence; for exactly what reason the lower rank was unable to appear for service.

Form No 27. For § 262.

Register of the number of lower ranks on leave of such-and-such province who, having been called into service by a HIGHEST ukase issued on such-and-such date, went to the provincial capital to the Commander of the Garrison battalion.

Dated year, month, and day.

A table showing the numbers of Non-commissioned Officers, Musicians, Privates, and Noncombatants, as well as the total of these four ranks, broken down by the forces in which lower ranks were during service (cavalry, infantry, or artillery).

Form No 28. For § 315.

List of Field and Company-grade Officers in the Army, Cavalry, and Artillery and on extended leave who, upon the call-up into service of lower ranks on leave, joined replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries.

Dated year, month, and day.

A table with column headings: No. in sequence; Ranks and family names of Field and Company-grade Officers; Assigned to what regiments and commands, and if assigned to the Army, Cavalry, or Artillery, to which one; When appeared for service, assigned to what half-battalion, half-squadron, or Artillery half-battery, and commanding what.

Form No 29. For § 315.

Register of lower ranks on leave in such-and-such province, called into service by a HIGHEST ukase issued on such-and-such date, and sent, as part of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, to the deployment locations of replacement forces.

Dated year, month, and day.

A tabulated monthly report showing the numbers of Non-commissioned officers, Musicians, Privates, and Noncombatants in each of the replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries (e.g. Replacement half-battalion No. 13, Replacement half-battalion No. 14, Replacement half-squadron No. 6, Replacement half-squadron No. 7, and Replacement half-battery No. 2). Each personnel category is totaled for all replacement units in the province, and each replacement unit's personnel are totaled across all four ranks.

Notes: In those provinces in which lower ranks on leave do not join replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, they are shown divided into those who served in the Infantry, in the Cavalry, and in the Artillery.

Form No 30. For § 374.

Register of of the number of lower ranks who joined the replacement forces as recruits and upon the disbandment of these forces subsequent to a HIGHEST ukase issued on such-and-such date, were turned over to the active forces.

Dated year, month, and day.

A table with column headings: In exactly which replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries the lower ranks had been; Number of personnel (with sub-columns: Non-commissioned officers; Musicians; Privates; Noncombatants); Total [of the four ranks listed]; Sent to exactly which forces.

Note. This same form is used to draw up registers for replacement Cavalry and for replacement Artillery.

Form No 31. For § 374.

Register of the number of lower ranks on leave who after having been called into service as part of the replacement forces were, after the disbandment of these forces, returned to their previous provinces.

Dated year, month, and day.

A table with column headings: Provinces, by name, of the lower ranks on leave, and in which replacement half-battalions they had been.; Number of personnel already having served out the 25-year period (with sub-columns: Non-commissioned officers; Musicians; Privates; Noncombatants; Total); Number of personnel not yet having served out this period(with sub-columns: Non-commissioned officers; Musicians; Privates; Noncombatants; Total).

Note. This same form is used to draw up registers for replacement Cavalry and Artillery.

Form No 32. For § 376.

Register of the number of lower ranks on leave who, from the time replacement forces were formed to the day they were disbanded: died, deserted, or were lost for other reasons.

Dated year, month, and day.

A table with column headings: To exactly which replacement half-battalions lower ranks on leave belonged; Promoted from non-commissioned officer to Officer for long service; Died from natural causes (with sub-columns: Non-commissioned officers; Musicians; Privates; Noncombatants; Total); Died from unforeseen causes (with sub-columns: Non-commissioned officers; Musicians; Privates; Noncombatants; Total); Deserted (with sub-columns: Non-commissioned officers; Musicians; Privates; Noncombatants; Total); If there have been still other losses of lower ranks, then note them under sub-headings by cause.

Note. This same form is used to draw up registers especially for replacement half-squadrons and for replacement Artillery half-batteries.

Form No 33. For § 381.

Register of the composition of replacement forces from the time replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries were formed through their final disbandment.

Dated year, month, and day.

A large table with the first column titled: REPLACEMENT HALF-BATTALIONS, HALF-SQUADRONS, AND ARTILLERY HALF-BATTERIES . In this first column is:

REPLACEMENT HALF-BATTALIONS.
     Of the 1st Inf. Corps.
     Of the 2nd Inf. Corps.
     Of the 3rd Inf. Corps.
     Of the 4th Inf. Corps.
     Of the 6th Inf. Corps.
           Total.
REPLACEMENT HALF-SQUADRONS.
     Of the 1st Inf. Corps
     Of the 2nd Inf. Corps.
     Of the 3rd Inf. Corps.
     Of the 4th Inf. Corps.
     Of the 6th Inf. Corps.
     Of the Grenadier Corps.
     Of the 1st Reserve Cavalry Corps.
     Of the 2nd Reserve Cavalry Corps.
     Of the 3rd Reserve Cavalry Corps.
          Total.
REPLACEMENT HALF-BATTERIES.
     Of the 1st Inf. Corps
     Of the 2nd Inf. Corps.
     Of the 3rd Inf. Corps.
     Of the 4th Inf. Corps.
     Of the 6th Inf. Corps.
     Of the Grenadier Corps.
          Total.
                     Grand total.

The next adjacent columns have the headings: At the first formation of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries in the provinces, there were in them: (with sub-columns: Field-grade Officers, Company-grade Officers, Non-commissioned officers, Musicians, Privates, Noncombatants); Field-grade Officers newly appointed at arrival of replacement units at deployment locations; Company-grade Officers newly appointed when replacement forces were brought to full wartime strength; Losses from the replacement forces, died (with  sub-columns: Field-grade Officers, Company-grade Officers, Recruits, Non-commissioned officers, Musicians, Privates from on leave, Privates from recruits, Noncombatants); Losses from the replacement forces, deserted (with  sub-columns: Non-commissioned officers, Musicians, Privates from on leave, Privates from recruits, Noncombatants); Sent to the active forces after disbanding the reserve forces (with  sub-columns: Field-grade Officers, Company-grade Officers, Lower ranks from recruits); After disbanding the reserve forces, officers sent on extended leave and lower ranks sent on indefinite leave (with  sub-columns: Field-grade Officers, Company-grade Officers, Non-commissioned officers, Musicians, Privates, Noncombatants).

Form No 34. For § 387.

List of lower ranks returned to such-and-such province after the disbandment of replacement forces and released as before on indefinite leave.

Dated year, month, and day.

A table with column headings: No. in sequence; Ranks, last names, patronymics, and first names; Released on indefinite leave to what regiments and commands, and exactly when; When called to join the replacement forces; When discharged and where residence will be maintained.

Note. This same form is used to also draw up lists of lower ranks returned to their provinces and released to full retirement (§ 387).

TABLES.

For No. 7374. - 30 August 1834.

Letter A. For § 147.

Table of replacement half-battalions formed from lower ranks on indefinite leave, by provinces.
Provinces in which lower ranks on leave make up replacement half-battalions, with the Corps to which these half-battalions are assigned.

Number of replacement half-battalions.

Numerical designation of replacement half-battalions.
   TO THE 1ST INFANTRY CORPS.
        St. Petersburg and Pskov 2 1 and 2
        Novgorod 1 3
        Tver 2 4 and 5
       Yaroslav 1 6
       Kostroma 1 7
       Smolensk 2 8 and 9
       Moscow 2 10 and 11
       Kaluga 1 12
           Total 12
TO THE 2ND INFANTRY CORPS.
      Vladimir 2 13 and 14
      Nizhnii-Novgorod 1 15
      Ryazan 2 16 and 17
      Tula 2 18 and 19
      Tambov 1 20
      Orel 4 21, 22, 23, and 24
          Total 12
TO THE 3RD INFANTRY CORPS.
     Chernigov 1 25
     Kursk 6 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, and 31
     Slobodsko-Ukraine 5 32, 33, 34, 35, and 36
          Total 12
TO THE 4TH INFANTRY CORPS.
     Archangel and Olonets 1 37
     Vologda 1 38
     Vyatka 3 39, 40, and 41
     Perm 4 42, 43, 44, and 45
     Kazan 2 46 and 47
    Tambov 1 48
          Total 12
TO THE 5TH INFANTRY CORPS.
     Tambov 2 49 and 50
     Voronezh 7 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, and 57
     Poltava 3 58, 59, and 60
         Total 12
TO THE 6TH INFANTRY CORPS.
     Tambov 1 61
     Penza 3 62, 63, and 64
     Simbirsk 3 65, 66, and 67
     Orenburg 2 68 and 69
     Saratov 3 70, 71, and 72
        Total 12
               Grand total 72

Letter B. For § 147.

Table of replacement half-squadrons formed from lower ranks on indefinite leave, by provinces.
Provinces in which lower ranks on leave make up replacement half-squadrons, with the Corps to which these half-squaadrons are assigned.

Number of replacement half-squadrons.

Numerical designation of replacement half-squadrons.
   TO THE 1ST INFANTRY CORPS.
       St. Petersburg, Pskov, and Novgorod 1 1
       Yaroslav   1 2
       Tver 1 3
       Smolensk 1 4
           Total 4
TO THE 2ND INFANTRY CORPS.
      Kaluga and Moscow 1 5
      Vladimir 2 6 and 7
      Kostroma 1 8
          Total 4
TO THE 3RD INFANTRY CORPS.
     Tula 1 9
     Ryazan 2 10 and 11
     Nizhnii-Novgorod 1 12
          Total 4
TO THE 4TH INFANTRY CORPS.
     Kazan 2 13 and 14
     Simbirsk 2 15 and 16
          Total 4
TO THE 5TH INFANTRY CORPS.
     Orel 4 17, 18, 19, and 20
TO THE 6TH INFANTRY CORPS.
     Kursk 4 21, 22, 23, and 24
TO THE GRENADIER CORPS.    
     Archangel, Olonets, and Vologda 1 25
     Vyatka 2 26 and 27
     Perm 1 28
          Total 4
TO THE 1ST RESERVE CAVALRY CORPS.
      Kursk 1 29
      Slobodsko-Ukraine 5 30, 31, 32, 33, and 34
      Voronezh 2 35 and 36
           Total 8
TO THE 2ND RESERVE CAVALRY CORPS.
     Voronezh 3 37, 38, and 39
     Tambov 2 40 and 41
     Poltava and Chernigov 3 42, 43, and 44
           Total 8
TO THE 3RD RESERVE CAVALRY CORPS.
     Tambov 3 45, 46, and 47
     Penza 2 48 and 49
     Saratov 2 50 and 51
     Orenburg 1 52
          Total 8
              Grand total 52

 

Letter C. For § 147.

Table of replacement Artillery Foot Half-batteries formed from lower ranks on indefinite leave, by provinces.
Provinces in which lower ranks on leave make up Replacement Artillery Half-batteries with the Corps to which these Half-batteries are assigned. Number of replacement Artillery half-batteries. Numerical designation of replacement Artillery half-batteries.
TO THE 1ST INFANTRY CORPS.
     St. Petersburg, Pskov, Novgorod, and Tver 1 1
     Yaroslav and Vladimir 1 2
     Nizhnii-Novgorod 1 3
TO THE 2ND INFANTRY CORPS.
     Smolensk, Kaluga, Moscow, and Ryazan 3 4, 5, and 6
TO THE 3RD INFANTRY CORPS.
     Tambov and Voronezh 3 7, 8, and 9
TO THE 4TH INFANTRY CORPS.
     Tula, Orel, Chernigov, and Poltava 3 10, 11, and 12
TO THE 5TH INFANTRY CORPS.
     Kursk 1 13
     Voronezh and Slobodsko-Ukraine 2 14 and 15
TO THE 6TH INFANTRY CORPS.
     Penza, Orenburg, and Saratov 1 16
     Simbirsk 2 17 and 18
TO THE SEPARATE GRENADIER CORPS.
     Kostroma, Nizhnii-Novgorod, Kazan, Perm, Vyatka, Vologda, Olonets, and Archangel 3 19, 20, and 21

Letter D. For § 147.

Table of replacement Artillery Horse Half-batteries formed from lower ranks on indefinite leave, by provinces.
Provinces in which lower ranks on leave make up Replacement Artillery Half-batteries with the Corps to which these Half-batteries are assigned. Number of replacement Artillery half-batteries. Numerical designation of replacement Artillery half-batteries.
TO THE 1ST INFANTRY CORPS.
     St. Petersburg, Pskov, Novgorod, Tver, Yaroslav, Kostroma, and Vladimir 1 1
TO THE 2ND INFANTRY CORPS.
     Smolensk, Moscow, Tula, Kaluga, and Ryazan 1 2
TO THE 3RD INFANTRY CORPS.  
     Tambov   1 3
TO THE 4TH INFANTRY CORPS.
     Orel and Chernigov 1 4
TO THE 5TH INFANTRY CORPS.
     Orel and Kursk 1 5
TO THE 6TH INFANTRY CORPS.
     Penza, Orenburg, Saratov, Simbirsk, and Nizhnii-Novgorod 1 6
TO THE SEPARATE GRENADIER CORPS.
     Nizhnii-Novgorod, Kazan, Vyatka, Perm, Vologda, Olonets, and Archangel 1 7
TO THE 1ST RESERVE CAVALRY CORPS.
     Poltava and Slobodsko-Ukraine 1 8
TO THE 2ND AND 3RD RESERVE CAVALRY CORPS.
     Voronezh 1 9 and 10

Letter E. For § 148.

Table of provinces in which it is not intended to have replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, but rather that the lower ranks on indefinite leave in these provinces be assigned to the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, and 6th Infantry Corps.
Provinces in which lower ranks on indefinite leave are assigned to Corps, without forming replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries. Corps to which lower ranks are assigned. Corps to which lower ranks are assigned.
Estonia, Livonia, Courland, Vilna, and Vitebsk. To the 1st Infantry Corps.
Minsk and Mogilev. To the 2nd Infantry Corps.
Grodno, Bialystok Region, and Volhynia. To the 3rd Infantry Corps.
Kiev. To the 5th Infantry Corps.
Yekaterinoslav, Podolia, Kherson, and Taurica. To the 6th Infantry Corps.

Letter F. For § 149.

Table of provinces in which it is not intended to have replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries, but rather that the lower ranks on indefinite leave in these provinces be assigned to local forces and garrisons.
Provinces in which lower ranks on indefinite leave are assigned to local forces and garrisons, without forming replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries. Forces and garrisons to which lower ranks are assigned.
Finland. To the Viborg Garrison Battalion.
Astrakhan Province. To Line Caucasus Battalion No. 11.
Lands of the Don Cossacks, and Caucasus Region. To Line Caucasus Battalion No. 1.
Tobolsk, Tomsk, Irkutsk, and Yeniseisk Provinces, and Omsk Region. To the Separate Siberian Corps.

Letter G. For § 235.

Table of weapons and accouterment stores for supplying replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries at their first formation, with those points shown where they are to gather for this issue of uniforms and arms.
Locations of stores in which are kept supplies: for each half-battalion—for 500 men, for each half-squadron—for 100 men, and for each half-battery: foot—for 150 men, horse—for 120 men. For which replacment half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries the supplies in these stores are being kept. Collection points of replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries for receiving arms and accouterments, which are delivered to these points through arrangements by the Artillery and Commissariat Departments.

WEAPONS.

ACCOUTERMENTS.

In the St.-Petersburg Arsenal. At the St.-Petersburg Commissariat Commission. St.-Petersburg, Pskov, and Novgorod Provinces. Town of Pskov.
In the Moscow Arsenal. At the Moscow Commissariat Commission. Tver Province. Town of Tver.
In the Moscow Arsenal. At the Moscow Commissariat Commission. Smolensk Province. Town of Smolensk.
In the Moscow Arsenal. At the Moscow Commissariat Commission. Yaroslav, Kostroma, Kaluga, Moscow, Vladimir, and Nizhnii-Novgorod Provinces. City of Moscow.
In the Moscow Arsenal. At the Moscow Commissariat Commission. Tula, and Ryazan Provinces. Town of Tula.
Pending the construction of the Voronezh Arsenal, in the Moscow Arsenal. At the Voronezh Commissariat Commission. Orel Province. Town of Orel.
Pending the construction of the Voronezh Arsenal, in the Moscow Arsenal. At the Tambov Commissariat Commission. Tambov Province. Town of Tambov.
Pending the construction of the Voronezh Arsenal, in the Moscow Arsenal. At the Voronezh Commissariat Commission. Kursk Province. Town of Kursk.
Pending the construction of the Voronezh Arsenal, in the Moscow Arsenal. At the Voronezh Commissariat Commission. Slobodsko-Ukraine Province. Town of Kharkov.
Pending the construction of the Voronezh Arsenal, in the Moscow Arsenal. At the Voronezh Commissariat Commission. Chernigov and Poltava Provinces. Town of Poltava.
In the Moscow Arsenal. At the Moscow Commissariat Commission. Archangel, Olonets, and Vologda Provinces. Town of Vologda.
In the Kazan Arsenal. At the Kazan Commission. Vyatka Province. Town of Vyatka.
In the Kazan Arsenal. At the Kazan Commission. Perm Province. Town of Perm.
In the Kazan Arsenal. At the Kazan Commission. Kazan Province. Town of Kazan.
Pending the construction of the Voronezh Arsenal, in the Moscow Arsenal. At the Voronezh Commissariat Commission. Voronezh Province. Town of Voronezh.
Pending the construction of the Voronezh Arsenal, in the Moscow Arsenal. At the Penza Commissariat Commission. Penza Province. Town of Penza.
In the Kazan Arsenal. At the Kazan Commission. Orenburg Province. Town of Orenburg.
Pending the construction of the Voronezh Arsenal, in the Moscow Arsenal. At the Simbirsk Commissariat Commission. Saratov Province. Town of Saratov.
Pending the construction of the Voronezh Arsenal, in the Moscow Arsenal. At the Simbirsk Commissariat Commission. Simbirsk Province. Town of Simbirsk.

Letter H. For § 287.

Table of stores of arms and accouterments for equipping Infantry and Cavalry regiments and Artillery of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, and 6th Infantry Corps, for that number of lower ranks by which these are reduced in peacetime and filled up when necessary by lower ranks on leave.
Locations of stores in which are kept reserve supplies: for each Foot regiment—for 200 men, for each Cavalry regiment—for 80 men, and for each Artillery Brigade—for 40 men. Forces to which arms and accouterments are supplied from stores through arrangements by the Artillery and Commissariat Departments.

WEAPONS.

ACCOUTERMENTS.

Riga and Vilna. Riga and Vilna. To the 1st Infantry Corps.
Bobruisk and Vilna. Bobruisk and Vilna. To the 2nd Infantry Corps.
In Brest, pending construction in Dubno. In Brest, pending construction in Dubno. To the 3rd Infantry Corps.
Kiev. Kiev. To the 5th Infantry Corps.
Kherson and Tiraspol. Kherson and Tiraspol. To the 6th Infantry Corps.

Letter I. For § 348.

Table of stores of arms and accouterments for bringing replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and Artillery half-batteries to full wartime strength.
Locations of stores in which are kept reserve supplies: for each half-battalion—for 500 men, for each half-squadron and artillery foot and horse half-battery—for 100 men. Replacement half-battalions, half-squadrons, and artillery half-batteries to which arms and accouterments are supplied from stores through arrangements by the Artillery and Commissariat Departments.

WEAPONS.

ACCOUTERMENTS.

Moscow. Moscow. To replacement half-battalions of the 1st and 2nd Infantry Corps.
Tula. Moscow. To replacement half-battalions of the 3rd and 4th Infantry Corps.
Kazan. Tambov. To replacement half-battalions of the 5th Infantry Corps.
Voronezh. Voronezh. To replacement half-battalions of the 6th Infantry Corps.
Saint Petersburg. Saint Petersburg. To replacement half-squadrons of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Light Cavalry Divisions.
Moscow. Moscow. To replacement half-squadrons of the 4th, 5th, and 7th Light Cavalry Divisions.
Kiev. Kiev. To replacement half-squadrons of the 6th Light Cavalry Division and 3rd Reserve Cavalry Corps.
Voronezh. Voronezh. To replacement half-squadrons of the 1st Reserve Cavalry Corps.
Kiev. Kiev. To replacement half-squadrons of the 2nd Reserve Cavalry Corps.
Tula. Moscow. To replacement half-batteries of the: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, and Grenadier Artillery Divisions; 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Horse-Artillery Divisions.

Letter J. For § 350.

Table of stores of arms and accouterments for bringing reserve battalions and squadrons to full wartime strength.
Locations of stores in which are kept reserve supplies: for each Reserve battalion—for 600 men, for each Reserve squadron—for 200 men. Reserve battalions and squadrons to which arms and accouterments are supplied from stores through arrangements by the Artillery and Commissariat Departments.

WEAPONS.

ACCOUTERMENTS.

Saint Petersburg. Saint Petersburg. To reserve battalions of the 1st Infantry Corps.
Riga. Riga and Vilna. To reserve battalions of the 2nd Infantry Corps.
Kiev. Kiev. To reserve battalions of the 3rd Infantry Corps.
Tula. Moscow. To reserve battalions of the 4th Infantry Corps.
Kiev. Kiev. To reserve battalions of the 5th Infantry Corps.
Kherson. Balta. To reserve battalions of the 6th Infantry Corps.
Kiev. Kiev. To reserve squadrons of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th Light Cavalry Divisions, and 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Reserve Cavalry Corps.